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2016年考研英语词汇详解:词根+例句(8)

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2015-04-14 14:30:55

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  考研英语词汇是英语考研备考的基础,现阶段,考生们最主要的精力就是词汇,但是面对枯燥的单词表,考生很容易产生枯燥、厌烦的心理,记忆效果自然不会高,因此,小编为大家整理了一些以词根为主线的词汇记忆,帮助大家更好的备考,希望大家能够掌握这个方法,更好的记忆考研英语词汇,下面是详细的介绍。

  第七组. mit/miss 发出,散出

  commission

  n.1.交付某人进行的行动,任务,或工作,委托

  2.a.委员会b. 考查团c. 调查团

  3.佣金,回扣,酬劳金

  v.1交付某人任务或工作;委托 2。正式授予某人军官资格的委任状

  【习惯用语】in/ into commission 在使用中,服现役commit

  v.1 to put in trust or charge entrust to refer to 把交托给,提交

  2.to make known the views of oneself on an issue表明

  <习惯用语> commit oneself on 对…表态commit oneself to 委身于; 专心致志于

  【真题重现】2002 Passage2

  There is another way to commit evolutionary suicide stay alive but have fewer children commitment

  v. a strong belief in an idea or system, esp when it is shown by one’s action and behaviour 信奉;忠诚;奉献

  n. sth which takes up some of your time, because of agreements that you have made or responsibilities that you have 承诺,承担的义务

  【真题重现】2009 Text4

  Mean while , many settles had slighter religious commitments than Dane’s

  emit

  【构词】e出+ mit送,放出→送出,发出

  vt. to give or send out matter or energy发出;放射

  【真题连线】1998 英译汉

  According to the theory, the universe burst into being as a submicroscopic, unimaginably dense knot of pure energy that flew outward in all directions, emitting radiation as it went, condensing into particles and then into atoms of gas.

  permissive★

  a.1. tolerant or lenient宽容的,容许的

  2. permitting discretion; potional允许自行处理的;随意的

  【真题重现】2005 Text 4

  Blaming the permissive 1960s is nothing new, but this is not yet another criticism against the decline in education.

  第八组. opt 选择,眼睛

  option n. 选择,选择的权利

  2003 Text 3

  If railroads charged all customers the same average rate, they argue, shippers who have the option of switching to trucks or other forms of transportation would do so, leaving remaining customers to shoulder the cost of keeping up the line.

  optional a. 随意的,可选择的

  2003 Text 4

  It is said that in England death is pressing, in Canada inevitable and in California optional.

  optical a.视力的

  optimistic a. 乐观的

  2004 Text4

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects,

  第九组. dic/dict/doct 说,讲

  doctrine n.教条,理论

  contradict v.反驳,同…矛盾,同…抵触

  派生:contradiction n.反驳,否认,矛盾,不一致

  contradictory a.矛盾的,对立的

  predict v.预言,预测,预告

  讲解:forecast 有根据的预测

  prediction n.预告,预言,

  dedicate v.奉献,献身于

  indicate v.指出,表示,暗示,表明

  派生:indication n.指出,表明,暗示

  indicative a. 指示的,暗示的

  indicator n. 指示物,信号

  指示器,指针

  2004 Text 3

  “I’m a good economic indicator,” she says.

  2007 Text2 -29题

  A.test scores may not be reliable indicators of one’s ability

  verdict n. 裁决,判决,判断,定论

  index n. 索引注:indices 复数

  2006 Text1

  Now, consider three indices of assimilation—language, home ownership and intermarriage.

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