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从2015年考研看阅读理解主旨题

来源: 跨考教育

2014-12-28 16:46:22

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  [估分]2015年考研英语估分

  [答案]2015年考研英语真题答案

  [解析]2015年考研英语真题解析

  [下载]2015年考研英语真题及答案下载

  阅读理解中心主旨题,该类题型考查了考生综合、概括、归纳和分析问题的能力,要求考生通过对文章的阅读,迅速把握文章或段落的中心主旨。该类题型在历年题型中每年会出现4-6分。今年的-英语一25-题也就是主旨题。

  1.题型特点

  命题方式中含有“main idea,subject,purpose”等词。题干中出现下列词之一:best title,main idea,main problem,mainly about,mainly discuss,mainly deal with或问本文的写作目的的词(purpose,the author intends to…)。

  2、命题模式

  (1)The passage is mainly about….

  (2)Which of the following best reflects the main idea of the passage ?

  (3)The best title for this passage might be….

  (4)What is the main idea of the passage ?

  3、做题步骤

  Step1:阅读本篇文章其他题题干,找重复的词和观点。主旨在文中不断出现,而选项也是围绕文章中心的,所以可以先从其他题题干找线索。

  Step2 :看第一段有无问句,有无转折句。若有问句,则答案是对其的的回答。若第一段有转折,则答案为转折句的同意替换。

  Step3:看有无转折段。转折段多出文章中心。

  Step 4:串线摘帽也就是通读首段和尾段及各段第一句话和转折处。

  Step5:运用快速构思成文法进行判断。

  在两个选项难以分辨时可以分别以它们为题,在脑海中快速构思两个写作提纲,若所构思提纲与原文内容大致吻合者为正确答案,否则为干扰选项。

  那接下来跨考教育肖方方老师带领大家一起来看一下2015年第一篇文章。

  25. Which of the following is the best title of the text?

  [A] Carlos, Glory and Disgrace Combined

  [B] Carlos, a Lesson for All European Monarchs

  [C] Charles, Slow to React to the Coming Threats

  [D] Charles, Anxious to Succeed to the Throne

  此题属于全文主旨题。第一步:看其他题题干:

  21、According to the first two paragraphs, King Juan Carl of span

  22、Monarchs are kept as head of state in Europe mostly

  23. Which of the following is shown to be odd, according to Paragraph 4?

  24. The British royals “have most to fear” because Charles

  在22题中我们看到话题词Monarchs.

  第二步,我们看看第一段中的转折句及其后面一句so对其的引申But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down. So, dies the Spanish crisis suggest that monarchy is seeing its last days?

  第三步 看转折段,此篇无,跳过去。

  第四步:各段首句和转折处。

  第二段第一句The Spanish case previous arguments both for and against monarchy when public opinion is particularly.

  第三段第一句和转折句It is this apparent transcendence of politics that explains monarchs continuing popularity as heads of states. But unlike their absolutist counterparts in the Gulf and Asia, most royal families have survived because they allow voters to avoid the difficult search for a non-controversial but respect public figure.

  第五段 While Europe’s monarchies will no doubt be smart enough to strive for some time to come, it is the British royals who have most to fear from the Spanish example.

  最后一段It is only the Queen who has preserved the monarchy reputation with her rather ordinary (if well-healed) granny style.

  综合起来,着眼全文,通篇都在围绕monarchs展开。Carlos,a Lesson for All European Monarchs是全文内容的精确概括。按照我们的步骤。重复出现的就是monarchy,所以答案一定为B。

  文章来源:跨考教育英语教研室 肖方方

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