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2016年英语考研语法之主谓一致

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2015-06-12 09:48:31

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  英语学习中语法是很重要的知识点,语法能熟悉掌握,在做题过程就会如鱼得水。关于主谓一致指位于动词与主语必须在人称、性、数上保持一致。掌握主谓一致的用法,会提高我们答题速度和正确率的。下面分享给大家关于主谓一致的例题解析,希望能帮助大家。

  1. 集体名词作主语时,主语与谓语动词的一致

  1)单复数同形的集体名词如police, people, cattle(牲畜), vermin(害虫), youth等,通常用作复数,随后的动词用复数。如:

  The police are looking into the records of all those involved in the crime. 警察正在调查那些与犯罪有牵连的人的记录。

  2)通常用作单数的集体名词:advice, baggage, equipment, news, machinery, knowledge, merchandise, furniture, scenery(风景), foliage(叶子), 随后的动词用单数。如:

  All the machinery in the factory is made in China.

  3)即可用作单数也可用作复数的集体名词:family, army, group, committee, army, group, committee, audience, jury, crowd, public, faculty, crew等。

  上述名词如果作为一个整体看待,谓语动词用单数;如果强调整体中的每个成员,谓语动词用复数。如:His family are all music lovers. 他的家人都是音乐爱好者

  His family isn’t large. 他家不是一个大家庭。

  2. 以并列结构做主语的主谓一致

  1)当and连接两个主语表示一个单一概念时,谓语用单数,否则用复数。如:

  To try and fail is better than not to try at all. 尝试却失败比压根就不尝试好。

  To mean to do something and to actually do something are two separate things. 打算做和实际做是二码事。

  Bread and butter is our daily food. 面包和黄油是我们的日常饮食。

  2)当and连接的单数主语前面有each, every, many a, no 等修饰时,谓语动词用单数。如:

  Many a boy and many a girl has seen it.

  Many a boy and girl has seen it.

  No teacher and no student was present at the opening ceremony.

  3)如果主语是单数,尽管后面跟有with, together with, as well as, no less than, rather than, like, but, except, in addition to等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数。如:

  A professor, together with his assistants, was sent to help in this work.

  The teacher, as well as the students, likes this novel.

  4)由or, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but (also)…, not…but等连接的两个名词或代词作主语时,其谓语动词与邻近的主语取得一致。如:

  Not only Joan but her sisters know the code to the safe which contains the list of the family securities.

  相比于从句、时态等语法点而言,主谓一致问题经常被中国考生所忽视,而它又恰恰是考研英语中经常出现的语法知识。希望大家在基础阶段打好基础,全面学习。

  以上关于主谓一致的例题解析,希望大家能掌握这个知识点,预祝大家2016年考研顺利。

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