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2016考研英语:高频考点解析(三)

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2015-08-31 18:22:03

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  2016考研英语:高频考点解析(三)

  【相关真题1】

  ①This was the tradition which revolutionized our appreciation of the past.②In place of Thomas Carlyle, Britain nurtured Christopher Hill, EP Thompson and Eric Hobsbawm.③History from below stood alongside biographies of great men.④Whole new realms of understanding-from gender to race to cultural studies-were opened up as scholars unpicked the multiplicity of lost societies.⑤And it transformed public history too: downstairs became just as fascinating as upstairs.

  【高频考点】

  1.改变我们对于过去的评价:revolutionize our appreciation of the past

  2.除了XKF:in place of XKF

  3.培养了某人:nurture somebody

  4.A和B并存:A stand alongside B

  5.剖析过去社会的多样性:unpick the multiplicity of lost societies

  6.开辟全新领域:whole new realms were opened up

  7.改变了公共历史:transform public history

  8.下层人物和上层人物同样迷人:downstairs became just as fascinating as upstairs

  【翻译练习】

  ①This was the tradition which revolutionized our appreciation of the past.②In place of Thomas Carlyle, Britain nurtured Christopher Hill, EP Thompson and Eric Hobsbawm.③History from below stood alongside biographies of great men.

  ④Whole new realms of understanding-from gender to race to cultural studies-were opened up as scholars unpicked the multiplicity of lost societies.

  结构提示:(as scholars…)作时间状语从句。

  ⑤And it transformed public history too: downstairs became just as fascinating as upstairs.

  【参考译文】

  ①这是改变我们对于过去的评价的传统思想。②除了Thomas Carlyle,英国还培养出了Christopher Hill, EP Thompson和Eric Hobsbawm。③下层人物的历史和伟人传记并存。

  ④学者们逐渐剖开过去社会的多样性,为我们开辟了理解历史的全新领域,即从性别研究到种族研究到文化研究。

  ⑤这也改变了公共历史:下层人物和上层人物同样迷人。

  【相关真题2】

  ①On the issue of freedom of religion and the position of the church, however, there was less agreement among the leadership.②Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one allowed by the Spanish crown.③While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the exclusion of other faiths.④The defense of the Church became a rallying cry for the conservative forces.

  【高频考点】

  1.西班牙皇室所允许的唯一的宗教:the only one allowed by the Spanish crown

  2.试图做某事:seek to do something

  3.保持天主教作为官方宗教:maintain Catholicism as the official religion

  4.结束对其他信仰的排斥:end the exclusion of other faiths

  5.成为战斗的口号:become a rallying cry

  6.保守势力:conservative forces

  7.然而,在……问题上,领导层意见不一:On the issue of…, however, there was less agreement among the leadership.

  【翻译练习】

  ①On the issue of freedom of religion and the position of the church, however, there was less agreement among the leadership.

  ②Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one allowed by the Spanish crown.

  ③While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the exclusion of other faiths.

  结构提示:While most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism as the official religion of the new states是让步状语从句。

  ④The defense of the Church became a rallying cry for the conservative forces.

  【参考译文】

  ①然而,在宗教自由和教堂地位的问题上,领导层意见不一。

  ②罗马天主教已经成为国教,也是西班牙皇室所允许的唯一的宗教。

  ③虽然大多数领导人试图保持天主教作为新国家的官方宗教,但是一些领导人试图结束对其他信仰的排斥。

  ④保卫教堂成为保守势力的战斗口号。

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