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2015考研英语最后点拨:翻译难点解析(三)

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2014-12-04 14:22:43

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  考研英语翻译难点精析(三)

  反译法

  一个问题有时可以从不同的角度来解释说明。有些句子英语是从正面说的,汉语可以从反面来解释。

  1)否定译成肯定。

  Eg:

  I never passed the theatre but I thought of his last performance.每一次经过那家剧院,我都会想起他的最后一次演出。

  Eg:

  Hardly a month goes by without word of another survey revealing new depths of scientific illiteracy among U.S. citizens.美国公民科盲日益严重,这种调查报告几乎月月都有。(双重否定)

  2)肯定译成否定。

  Eg:

  Everyone has the right to be free from hunger.人人有不挨饿的权利。

  Eg:

  This will be particularly true since energy pinch will make it difficult to continue agriculture in the high-energy American fashion that makes it possible to combine few farmers with high yields.这种困境将是确定无疑的,[来源:考研加油绽]因为能源的匮乏使农业无法以高能量消耗、投入少数农民就可能获得高产的美国耕种方式继续下去了。

  Eg:

  The target is wrong, for in attacking the tests, critics divert attention from the fault that lies with ill-informed or incompetent users.把标准化测试作为抨击目标是错误的,因为在抨击这类测试时,批评者不考虑其弊病来自人们对测试不甚了解或使用不当。

  几种特殊否定句式的翻译法

  “no more…than翻译成汉语“和……一样不”

  Eg:

  The heart is no more intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain.脏和胃一样不能思维,都受大脑支配。

  Eg:

  There is no reason they should limit how much vitamin you take, any more than they can limit how much water you drink.他们没有理由限定你吃多少维生素,就如同他们不能限定你喝多少水一样。

  “not so much …as”翻译成“与其说……,不如说……”

  Eg:

  It was not so much the many blows he received as the lack of fighting spirit that led to his losing the game.与其说他输了比赛是多次被击中,不如说是自己缺乏斗志。

  Eg:

  There is no agreement whether methodology refers to the concepts peculiar to historical work in general or to the research techniques appropriate to the various branches of historical inquiry.所谓方法论是指一般的历史研究中的特有概念,还是指历史研究中各个具体领域使用的研究手段,人们对此意见不一。

  Eg:

  He is the last person I want to see in the world.他是这个世界上我最不愿意见到的人。

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