跨考教育

跨考教育

当前位置: 跨考网 > 公共课 > 英语 > 翻译 > 正文

考研英语翻译练习题:印刷术

来源: 跨考教育

2015-04-23 14:25:01

手机考研网

收藏本文

考研英语翻译练习题:印刷术

  Before printing was invented,a scholar had to copycharacters one by one if he wanted to publish a newbook.During the Northern Song Dynasty, Bi Shenginvented the movable-type printing after many yearsof experimentation.He engraved the characters onsmall pieces of clay,and heated them until they became hard movable characters.When printinga book,people placed the moveable characters in order into a whole block and then ran off aprint.After printing, they took the block apart and reused the characters later.This method wasboth economical and time-saving.China's movable-type printing first spread eastward intoKorea and Japan,then westward into Persia and Egypt,and at last,around the world.Theinvention of movable-type printing greatly promoted the cultural exchanges among countriesall over the world.

  参考翻译

  印刷术发明之前,想出版新书的学者必须一字一字地抄写。北宋时期,经过多年的实验,毕昇发明了活字印刷术(movable-type printing)。他把汉字刻在一小块泥胚(pieces of clay)上,加热汉字直到其变成硬的活字。印书时,人们按顺序将活字摆在一起,印出印迹。印刷完后,他们把字分开,以后重复使用。这种方法既经济又省时。中国的活字印刷术首先向东传至朝鲜和日本,之后向西传至波斯(Persia)和埃及,最后传遍全球。活字印刷术的发明大大促进了世界各国的文化交流。

  1.印刷术:可译为printing。

  2.出版新书:可译为publish a new book。

  3.刻:即“雕刻”,可译为engrave。

  4.泥胚:可译为pieces of clay。clay意为“黏土,陶土”。

  5.按顺序:可译为in order。

  6.向东传至朝鲜和日本:可译为spread eastward intoKorea and Japan。

分享到:

相关推荐

跨考网| 研招网| 考研信息网| 关于我们| 加入我们| 联系我们 | 网站导航

跨考手机考研网:http://m.kuakao.com/ 考研从未如此简单

Copyright@2004-2014 www.kuakao.com All Right Reserived 京 ICP备11041699号-3

版权所有:北京尚学硕博教育咨询有限公司

 

公共课保分班

400-883-2220