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2015教你用哲学的方式搞定完形填空

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2014-04-26 16:45:11

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  【前言】

  这里拉出“哲学”的大旗来做完形,其实完形的哲学作用不如阅读理解和新题型中的阅读段落排序那么明显。但是,可以帮助我们更加深刻地理解文章。至于做题,词汇关不过是不行的,而且最好达到应用级。至于如何将自己词汇从“识别”转到“应用”,以后再贴了。词汇关一过,此题几乎等于送分(就是太少了,好不容易捞了几分,错两道阅读就拉回来了)。因为词汇是个比较基础的工作,大家各自都有自己的经验。

  这里的“搞定”,主要指理解文章逻辑关系。所以,题目仅仅简析了前5题。另外,完形我们一般得分起码都是4、5分吧?做得好8分?提高的潜力只有3、4分。这个提请注意,要补就补自己木桶最短那根木条。

  附带提一句,个人分析认为:完形填空里面,真正的逻辑联系词(because、and等)太少,没有办法让命题专家展开拳脚考逻辑,因此2005才新增加阅读新题型的。

  【实战演练1】

  2004研究生入学考试英语真题

  Section II Use of English

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence.【青少年犯罪原因1和2。记得问自己两个问题啊!a原因是什么?b原因的根据?】 Theories (21) ____ on the individual 【哈哈,开始解释原因1是什么了】suggest that children engage in criminal behavior (22) ____ they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through (23) ____ with others. Theories focusing on the role of society【嘿嘿,解释原因2是什么】 that children commit crimes in (24) ____ to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status (25) ____ as a rejection of middle-class values.

  【第一段小结:主题出来了,就是青少年犯罪原因,并且进行了解释。逻辑性好强!预计下段应该开始回答问题b原因的根据了。】

  Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families,【哈!写原因1的根据了】 (26) ____ the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes (27) ____ lack of adequate parental control. All theories, however, are tentative and are (28) ____ to criticism.

  【第二段小结:写原因1根据,预计下段应该写原因2根据】

  Changes in the social structure may indirectly (29) ____ juvenile crime rates.【耶~写原因2的根据了】 For example,【要举例(现象)了】 changes in the economy that (30) ____ to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment (31) ____ make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain. The resulting discontent may in (32) ____ lead more youths into criminal behavior.

  【第三段小结:写原因2根据。下面该总结总结了,再留点什么“尾巴”之类】

  Families have also (33) ____ changes these years. More families consist of one parent households or two working parents; (34) ____, children are likely to have less supervision at home (35) ____ was common in the traditional family (36) ____. This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. 【因素1家庭哈!】Other (37) ____ causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased (38) ____ of drugs and alcohol, and the growing (39) ____ of child abuse and child neglect.【因素2社会哈!】 All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act, (40) ____ a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.

  【末段小结:总结倒是总结了,但是没有提出解决之道,本文节选的可能性非常大。到现在为止我还没有看选项,但文章大意应该懂了(逻辑结构都搞清楚了,意思怎么可能不明白呀)】

  21.【四个选项全部都给我们加上了-ing,嘿嘿,已经不像CET4考的语法了,考的是词汇搭配。】

  [A] acting

  [B] relying

  [C] centering

  [D] cementing

  22.【典型的考逻辑。什么因果之类的东东。句子的逻辑为“加入犯罪的果”+?+“处罚不力的因”。还不选because吗?^_^】

  [A] before

  [B] unless

  [C] until

  [D] because

  23. 【都是-tion,名词。又不是考语法,还是考词汇。】

  [A] interactions

  [B] assimilation

  [C] cooperation

  [D] consultation

  24. 【命题专家似乎铁了心不考语法,专考词汇!实际上20题里面没有一题是考专考语法,大部分都是考词汇,有少数几题考逻辑】

  [A] return

  [B] reply

  [C] reference

  [D] response

  25.【考逻辑的哈。And,or,not是逻辑的基本词汇哦!】

  [A] or

  [B] but rather

  [C] but

  [D] or else

  26.[A] considering

  [B] ignoring

  [C] highlighting

  [D] discarding

  27. [A] on

  [B] in

  [C] for

  [D] with

  28. [A] immune

  [B] resistant

  [C] sensitive

  [D] subject

  29. [A] affect

  [B] reduce

  [C] chock

  [D] reflect

  30. [A] point

  [B] lead

  [C] come

  [D] amount

  31. [A] in general

  [B] on average

  [C] by contrast

  [D] at length

  32. [A] case

  [B] short

  [C] turn

  [D] essence

  33. [A] survived

  [B] noticed

  [C] undertaken

  [D] experienced

  34. [A] contrarily

  [B] consequently

  [C] similarly

  [D] simultaneously

  35. [A] than

  [B] that

  [C] which

  [D] as

  36. [A] system

  [B] structure

  [C] concept

  [D] heritage

  37. [A] assessable

  [B] identifiable

  [C] negligible

  [D] incredible

  38. [A] expense

  [B] restriction

  [C] allocation

  [D] availability

  39. [A] incidence

  [B] awareness

  [C] exposure

  [D] popularity

  40. [A] provided

  [B] since

  [C] although

  [D] supposing

2015年英语考研备考经验——英语考试答题注意事项

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