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2015年考研英语完型指导:十大重要“关系”

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2014-05-06 22:58:32

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  众所周知,英语文章最重“逻辑”。逻辑关系题在完型中,每年必考,考核的形式有很多,包括宏观和微观两个层面。因为我们整个完型的做题逻辑是从宏观到微观的处理过程。首先,我们看宏观的层面。宏观的考核只要涉及到我们做题的一个方法与步骤。我们在做阅读正确的步骤是,首先看文章的首段或者首句,然后根据其猜测文章的大意,然后再去读文章。这样的目的是:把握文章的宏观逻辑。

  其次,微观的处理。通常微观逻辑的直接考查的题目数为2至8道—弄清句子内、句子间的逻辑关系。以下是我总结的完型十大逻辑关系及标志词,希望对2015年考研考生具有一定参考意义。

  ü 并列关系:

  标志词:and; and also; or; neither nor; either or; not only…but (also)…; in the same way; that is to say; similarly; likewise; equally; as well as, same…as;

  ü 递进关系:

  标志词:also; then; besides; in addition; additionally; furthermore; what is more; moreover; indeed; the other one;another one;apart from;above all

  ü 因果关系:

  标志词:because; for; since; as; therefore; consequently; hence; so; thus; so…that; such… that; in order that; accordingly(因此;于是;相应地); due to; thanks to; as a result; in that(= because); now that(既然); because of; considering that, seeing that; in response to; for this reason;

  ü 转折关系:

  标志词:but; however; on the contrary; contrarily; by contrast; in contrast; conversely; instead of ; rather than; unlike, on the other hand; unfortunately;

  ü 让步关系:

  标志词: although; though; even though; even; even if; nevertheless; despite; in spite of; while; as;

  King as he was, he was not happy.

  Child as he is, he knows a lot.

  Hard though/as he tried, he failed.

  ü 列举关系

  标志词 firstsecondlast of all; in the first placein the second placefinally; to begin with to continue; first…then; on one hand…on the other hand; for one thing…for another; one…another; some…others…still others;

  ü 对比关系

  标志词 while; whereas ; as; instead of; rather than; not…but;

  ü 时间关系

  标志词 when; whenever, before; after; since; as; while; until; till; simultaneously; meanwhile; in the meantime, at the same time;

  ü 条件关系

  标志词 if; only if; if only; unless, otherwise; as soon as; as long as; providing that; provided that; on condition that; when; whenever; with;

  ü 举例关系

  标志词 such as, for example, for instance, of (these, those, them); among (these, those, them), to illustrate, as an illustration, to take an example, more specifically speaking, namely.

  总结:句子间的逻辑关系不仅在完型中及其重要,在阅读、写作中亦具重大意义。考生在复习真题时,应有意识地留意分析句子的逻辑词,了解英语文章行文逻辑,进而总结英语文章的总体结构特征。

2015考研英语复习规划导学课程【视频】

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