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2015年考研英语阅读模拟练习题(2)

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2014-12-03 14:51:14

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  With its cluster of high-rises known as the Frankfurter Manhattan, its big banks and its bustling airport, this is a town with pretensions. Petra Roth, the mayor, sees it as a global city providing hub functions for the Continent,a place that should be as cosmopolitan as New York.

  Frankfurt is not just the city of foreign companies, but it is also home to 8000 Muslims, most of them Turks of modest means. Foreigners, including a large contingent from the former Yugoslavia, make up 30 percent of the population; one of the highest ratios for any city in Europe troubled by immigration. But there is no blood on the streets. Quietly flows the Main River be??neath that mock-New World skyline.

  As Germany goes these days, so goes Europe. And if Frankfurt, the headquarters for Europe's new Central Bank and so the capital of Europe's nascent shared currency, the euro, is comfortable being a part-Muslim city with 27 mosques, perhaps the so-called New Europe of one money and blurred borders can be a more tolerant place.

  Xenophobia is very unusual in Frankfurt,SAID Francesco Renaldo, an Italian banker. Perhaps it's the 300 foreign banks, or the vast airport, or the long American presence. Not until 1994 did 30 000 American troops pack up and go home—the Cold War ended and, so people here say, the city shaped in the soldiers' open, can-do spirit.

  But even here, at the heart of American-influenced Europe, far from the strained psyche of a former East German city like Esau, where rightists this year killed an African immigrant, the ghost of xenophobia is not entirely absent. For Frankfurt—like Germany, like Europe—is strug??gling to define a shifting identity.

  As the departed US soldiers suggest, this city is no longer part of a Cold War country living what Safer Seneca, a German intellectual of Turkish descent, has called a quasi a-national exis??tence under the umbrella of the West. Far from it, this is now the financial center of a strong Germany seeking to define and express a new national pride.

  But Frankfurt is also the capital of a unique experiment in abolishing the nation-state through the voluntary abandonment of sovereignty involved in giving up national control of monetary poli??cy and adopting a common currency.

  So the Continent's largest state, on reborn only in 1990, yet also one that is being abolished, veers, this way and that in its mood, one minute nostalgic for a proud Fatherland, the next in the vanguard of what Foreign Minister Joshua Fischer, himself a child of Frankfurt, calls a post-national era.

  31. Frankfurt is referred to as aglobal citylike New York because of______________

  [A] the foreign banks and businesses

  [B] the number of foreigners in the city

  [C] the 80,000 Muslims and mosques

  [D] the refugees from former Yugoslavia

  32. Quietly flows the Main River beneath that mock-New World skyline probably means that .

  [A] The new central bank had a large inflow of funds

  [B] The city life goes on quietly without racial conflicts

  [C] The population moves quietly in the street of the city

  [D] The foreigners come to the city like a flow of river

  33. The word xenophobia probably means ____________ .

  [A] fear of war       [B] psychological nervousness

  [C] hatred of foreigners    [D] open, can-do spirit

  34. With the end of the Cold War, Germany is expected to_____________ .

  [A] remain under the umbrella of the U S

  [B] assume a new national pride

  [C] become the financial center of Europe

  [D] have surges of rightist killings

  35. The unique experiment of European Union requires Germany to_____________ .

  [A] enter a post-national era

  [B] return to the old proud Fatherland

  [C] abandon sovereignty and government

  [D] seek a shifting identity

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