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2015考研英语阅读出题点:引用处

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2014-12-09 14:04:08

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  引用处

  说明文或者议论文中经常引用他人的观点来支持论证作者自己的观点。引文既可以是从正面来支持自己的观点,也可以是通过驳斥反面观点从而论证自己的观点。因此,引文间接地表达了作者自己的观点,有一定的隐蔽性和迷惑性,所以也是出题考查的热点地区,通常会考查考生的推理能力和对作者态度观点的判断能力。具体出现位置往往是第一段的第一句话。

  【真题回放2003-Text2】

  ① To paraphrase 18th-century statesman Edmund Burke, “all that is needed for the triumph of a misguided cause is that good people do nothing.” ② One such cause now seeks to end biomedical research because of the theory that animals have rights ruling out their use in research. ③ Scientists need to respond forcefully to animal rights advocates, whose arguments are confusing the public and thereby threatening advances in health knowledge and care. ④ Leaders of the animal rights movement target biomedical research because it depends on public funding, and few people understand the process of health care research. ⑤ Hearing allegations of cruelty to animals in research settings, many are perplexed that anyone would deliberately harm an animal.

  46. The author begins his article with Edmund Burke's words to ________.

  [A] call on scientists to take some actions

  [B] criticize the misguided cause of animal rights

  [C] warn of the doom of biomedical research

  [D] show the triumph of the animal rights movement

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