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2016考研:英语阅读技巧——精读与略读

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2015-05-29 15:51:21

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  考研英语的学习涉及的内容比较广泛,因为英语的词汇量比较大。特别是英语阅读的学习是比较枯燥,我们需要掌握一定的技巧,这样我们学起来就会简单一些。下面小编给大家提供了英语阅读技巧——精读与略读,供大家参考:

  首先,从位置上来说,主题句常常在文章开头的第一段或第二段提出,且常是段首句或转折句。

  Science, in practice, depends far less on the experiments it prepares than on the preparedness of the minds of the men who watch the experiments.(精读) Sir Isaac Newton supposedly discovered gravity through the fall of an apple. Apples had been falling in many places for centuries and thousands of people had seen them fall. But Newton for years had been curious about the cause of the orbital motion of the moon and planets. What kept them in place? Why didn’t they fall out of the sky? The fact that the apple fell down toward the earth and not up into the tree answered the question he had been asking himself about those larger fruits of the heavens, the moon and the planets.(略读)

  其次,从句子长度来说通常主题句比较简短。所以说,文章中需要重点精读的内容为:段首句,转折句,以及定位句。

  How many men would have considered the possibility of an apple falling up into the tree? Newton did because he was not trying to predict anything.(精读) He was just wondering. His mind was ready for the unpredictable. Unpredictability is part of the essential nature of research. If you don’t have unpredictable things, you don’t have research. Scientists tend to forget this when writing their cut and dried reports for the technical journals, but history is filled with examples of it.

  相对而言,文章中举例或引用的东西就可以略读,这些内容中往往包含一些时间、数据、人名、地名、机构名称之类的信息。在比如一些有关职务、头衔、社会地位等补充性说明信息(通常这些信息是出现在人名,机构名词之后的定语或同位语)。

  英语阅读的学习需要大家不断地总结,搜集相关的学习方法。还要我们多去做题,总结经验。以上的方法希望大家认真阅读,仔细对待。

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