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2017考研英语阅读理解常考词汇:近义词和同义词

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2016-04-21 11:34:15

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考研英语复习是一个日积月累、厚积薄发的过程,也是逆水行舟、不进则退的过程。俗话说得阅读者得天下,一方面是因为阅读理解的分值比较高,另一方面是考研英语阅读理解在巩固词汇、培养情感、提高英语水平方面有着不可替代的作用,所以一定多做阅读题。下面跨考小编为大家整理了一些2017考研英语阅读理解近义词和同义词的常考词汇:

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控告某人犯了…… accuse sb. of sth, charge sb. with sth;

夸大exaggerate,overestimate,overvalue,overrate,magnify;

缩小(低估)underestimate,undervalue,minimize;

使困惑puzzle,bewilder,confuse,perplex;

影响affect, influence, impact (on), bear on ;

控制control,dominate,curb,regulate,harness (=control and use);

污染pollute,contaminate,foul;

计算calculate,compute,reckon;

出现appear,emerge,come into being;

关心care for,foster,be concerned about;

把……归因于owe … to,attribute … to,refer … to;

减轻,缓解ease,alleviate,relieve;

给予render,offer,impart,confer;

实现realize,effect;

炫耀show off ,parade;

自尊心ego,pride,self-esteem,dignity;

涌入crowd into,pour into,stream into,swarm into,pack into;

体现express,embody;

决定decide,determine,elect,make up one's mind;

渴望desire,long (for),aspire to,pant;

改进improve,mend;

消除eliminate,remove,erase,get rid of;

威胁threat,menace;

聚精会神做be absorbed in doing,be immersed in doing;

有偏见的biased,partial,prejudiced;

损害spoil,impair,harm,endanger;

包含,包括embrace,comprise,encompass,include;

停止stop,halt,cease;

持久last,endure;

推进further,promote;

上升rise,escalate,go up,climb;

繁荣prosper, flourish,thrive;

容忍bear,tolerate,put up with,brook;

缺点shortcoming,defect,drawback,flaw,setback;

指望,依靠count on,depend on,rely on,reckon on,bank on,lean on;

倾向于tend to,be inclined to,be liable to,be apt to;

怀疑的skeptical,dubious,doubtful,suspicious;

减少decrease,decline, reduce,diminish,temper,moderate;

索然无味的uninteresting,dull,tedious,boring;

不偏不倚的impartial,detached,neutral,unbiased;

有意的purposeful,deliberate,intentional;

培训train,practice,nurture;

不理会ignore,discount,disregard,pay no attention to,turn a deaf ear to;

改变change,alter,modify,remold,reshape;

增加increase,augment,add to,multiply;

抛弃discard,abandon,desert,give up,get rid of;

浪费waste;dissipate;

废除abolish, do away with, scrap;

揭露disclose,reveal,unveil;

性格,脾气personality,disposition;

谨慎的careful,discreet,prudent,cautious;

厌恶,怨恨disgust,resent,hate;

满足meet,satisfy,cater to;

沉思,细想ponder,meditate,think deeply,dwell on;

必然包含involve,entail;

忽略,疏忽overlook, neglect,give no attention to;

使沮丧,使失望disappoint, frustrate,dismay, let sb. down,depress;

诱惑 lure, tempt, induce;

讽刺satire, sarcasm,irony;

造成,引起cause, pose, bring about, give rise to,evoke。

发人深省set sb. thinking, be thought-provoking;

利用make use of, take advantage of, utilize, harness;

来自于come from, result from, arise from, stem from, derive from

挫伤,使灰心:discourage, frustrate, upset;

严肃的earnest, serious, grave, solemn;

对…感兴趣be interested in sth, be struck by sth.;

拒绝,不给refuse, deny, withhold, keep back;

欣赏enjoy, relish, appreciate;

假装pretend, sham;

膺品fake, sham;

照管take care of , look after, tend;

(使)恶化make sth. worse, aggravate, deteriorate, sour;

主要的,首要的primary, main, chief,principal, sovereign。

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