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2015年考研英语:实例中解析英语语法

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2014-06-11 13:01:15

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   古话说:“实践出真知”,老一辈传下来的东西是有道理的。今天在这里跨考教育小编为2015的考生收集整理了关于英语语法的实践知识解析,希望帮助广大学子备考之用。

    1.Exceptional children are different in some significant way from others of the same age. For these children ________to their full adult potential, their education must be adapted to those differences.

  A. to develop B. to be developed C. developingD. will develop

  2. Space exploration promises to open up many new territories for human settlement, as well as _________the harvest of mineral resources.

  A. leads to B. to lead to C. leading to D. lead to

  3. Someday, solar power collected by satellites ________ the earth or fission power (裂变能)manufactured by mankind may give us all the energy we need for an expanding civilization.

  A. circled B. to circle C. circling D.circles

  4. In this experiment, they are wakened several times during the night, and asked to report what they ________ .

  A.had just been dreaming B. are just dreaming

  C.have just been dreaming D. had just dreamt

  5. Her terror was so great ________ somewhere to escape, she would have run for her life.

  A. only if B. that there had only been

  C. that had there only been D. if there were only

  1. AFor these children to develop to their full adult potential在句中做目的状语,these children 是to develop 的逻辑主语,这种主谓关系在目的状语中一般是不能用分词表示的。B中不定式被动式与句意相悖;for不是连词,故不能选D,否则语句不通。

  2. Cas well as 在语法功能上相当于介词,所以在句中要接动名词leading to。

  3. C句子的主语为solar power or fission power,谓语是may give, collected by satellite circling the earth是后置定语修饰solar power,其中circling the earth 又是现在分词短语修饰satellite,“环绕地球的卫星”,相当于the satellite which circles the earth。其他选择项均不符合句子语法结构要求。

  4. C句中已给出频次状语several times,说明要用完成时态,同时句子的时态定位是现在时they are wakened,显然不能用过去完成时,所以选C。

  5. C这是一个so…that结构表示结果状语的句型, A、D 可以排除。在that从句中又有条件从句,而且应该是虚拟语气结构,B中没有表示条件的连词,是错误的。C虽然也没有连词if,但采用了倒装结构,可以将if省略,又是had done,表示与过去事实相反的假设,时态、结构完全正确,因此是惟一正确的选择。

  6. Some women ________ a good salary in a job instead of staying home, but they decided not to work for the sake of the family.

  A. must make B. should have made

  C. would make D. could have made

  7. A light with no more power than ________ by an ordinary electric light bulb becomes intensely strong as it is concentrated to a pinpoint-sized beam.

  A. as is produced B. that produced

  C. that is produced D. produced

  8. For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travelers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, let alone________ what lay beneath the surface.

  A. asking B. ask C. to ask D. be asked

  9.Even if they are on sale, these ________refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, at the other store.

  A. anyone B. the others C. that D. the ones

  10. The atmosphere is as much a part of the earth as ________ its soil and the water of its lakes, rivers and oceans.

  A. are B. is C. do D. has

  6. D这是一个含蓄虚拟句,意为“有些妇女完全可以不呆在家里,干一份工作挣得可观的工资,可是她们决定不工作,为的是照顾家庭”,所以选D。should have made意思是“本应该做而实际上没做”,与原句意不够贴切。

  7. B相当于A light with no more power than the power that is produced by…。that代替power,表示相比较的事物,而D中没有比较对象,故不对;as表示原级比较,不与than用在一起,故A也不正确;C中缺少that的先行词,也是错误的。

  8. Clet alone,“更不用说……”,在用法上相当于并列连词,因此要求填入与前面一样的结构,此处是不定式。

  9. D句子要求填一个能够代替these refrigerators 的代词,故排除A、C。the others一般与另一部分相对而言,在此句中不对,所以选the ones。

  10. A句子后半句是倒装句,主语是复数its soil and the water of its lakes, rivers and oceans,因为较长,所以后置,故选A。

2015考研阅读:真题解析之经济类文章(13)[考研视频]

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