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2015考研英语二阅读理解三真题

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2015-07-31 11:27:47

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  2015年考研时间为12月27-28日,2016年考研时间会提前一周。时间跨度缩短,意味着在更短的时间内要投入更多的精力。今天就为大家献上2015年考研英语二真题,大家抓紧时间做一做,对其中不认识的单词再背一背。

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  Even in traditional offices, “the lingua franca of corporate America has gotten much more emotional and much more right-brained than it was 20 years ago,” said Harvard Business School professor Nancy Koehn. She started spinning off examples. “If you and I parachuted back to Fortune 500 companies in 1990, we would see much less frequent use of terms like journey, mission, passion. There were goals, there were strategies, there were objectives, but we didn’t talk about energy; we didn’t talk about passion.”

  Koehn pointed out that this new era of corporate vocabulary is very “team”-oriented—and not by coincidence. “Let’s not forget sports—in male-dominated corporate America, it’s still a big deal. It’s not explicitly conscious; it’s the idea that I’m a coach, and you’re my team, and we’re in this together. There are lots and lots of CEOs in very different companies, but most think of themselves as coaches and this is their team and they want to win.”

  These terms are also intended to infuse work with meaning—and, as Khurana points out, increase allegiance to the firm. “You have the importation of terminology that historically used to be associated with non-profit organizations and religious organizations: Terms like vision, values, passion, and purpose,” said Khurana.

  This new focus on personal fulfillment can help keep employees motivated amid increasingly loud debates over work-life balance. The “mommy wars” of the 1990s are still going on today, prompting arguments about why women still can’t have it all and books like Sheryl Sandberg’s Lean In, whose title has become a buzzword in its own right. Terms like unplug, offline, life-hack, bandwidth, and capacity are all about setting boundaries between the office and the home. But if your work is your “passion,” you’ll be more likely to devote yourself to it, even if that means going home for dinner and then working long after the kids are in bed.

  But this seems to be the irony of office speak: Everyone makes fun of it, but managers love it, companies depend on it, and regular people willingly absorb it. As Nunberg said, “You can get people to think it’s nonsense at the same time that you buy into it.” In a workplace that’s fundamentally indifferent to your life and its meaning, office speak can help you figure out how you relate to your work—and how your work defines who you are.

  31. According to Nancy Koehn ,office languages become_____.

  [A] more emotional

  [B] more objective

  [C] less energetic

  [D] less strategic

  32.”Team”-oriented corporate vocabulary is closely related to_____.

  [A] historical incidents

  [B] gender difference

  [C] sports culture

  [D] athletic executives

  33.Khurana believes that the importation of terminology aims to_____.

  [A] revive historical terms

  [B] promote company image

  [C] forster corporate cooperation

  [D] strengthen employee loyalty

  34.It can be inferred that Lean In_____.

  [A]voices for working women

  [B] appeals to passionate workaholics

  [C] triggers debates among mommies

  [D] praises motivated employees

  35.Which of the following statements is ture about office speak?

  [A]Managers admire it but avoid it.

  [B] Linguists believe it to be nonsense.

  [C]Companies find it to be fundamental.

  [D] Regular people mock it but accept it.

  酷暑不约而至,最好的心静方法就是做历年考研真题,不信的话,你可以试试。做完题后的感觉还是挺棒的,加油哦,考生们!

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