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2015年考研写作十大句段经典框架

来源: 跨考教育

2014-11-07 11:41:29

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  一、图画/图表描述段

  【示例一】

  ①From the picture (graph, chart, table, pie, bar), we know that______________ (图表内容总概括).②On the one hand, the left/first picture tells us that______________(情况一,图一/表一的内容).③On the other hand, (the right/second)picture informs us that______________ ( 情况二,图二/表二的内容).④It can easily be seen that______________ (揭示图画/表寓意).

  【示例二】

  ①As is vividly shown/described/depicted in the cartoon/picture,______________(图表内容总概括).②In the first picture,______________ (描述图/表一内容,如果是一个表,则可左或上半部分).③As is shown in the second drawing/picture,______________ (描述图/表二内容,如果是一个表,则右或下半部分).④It is safe to draw the conclusion that______________ (提示寓意,或主题句,回应主题但不是主题句的重复).

  二、意义阐述段

  【示例一】

  ①Judging from the pictures, we can clearly infer that the drawer’s intention is (主题句).② (扩展句).③For one thing/First of all/Firstly, (第一个层面). ④For another/Besides/Moreover/In addition/Secondly, (第二个层面). ⑤Thus/As a result/Therefore/Finally,______________ (总结句).

  【示例二】

  ①To begin with, the purpose of the drawings is to show us that______________ (主题句),yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously.② (扩展句)is naturally associated with, to be specific______________(第一个层面). ③Besides/Moreover/In addition,______________ (第二个层面)。④As a result/Therefore,______________ (总结句).

  三、原因阐释段

  【示例一】

  ①There are many reasons responsible for this phenomenon/case/instance and the following are the typical ones. ② The first reason is that______________ (理由一).③The second reason is that______________ (理由二). ④The third reason is that/A case in point is that/The typical example is that____________________________ (理由三).

  【示例二】

  ①There are many reasons to explain/explaining the effect/phenomenon/case/instance. ②The most contributing one is/the main reason is no other than______________ (理由一). ③What is more,_________________ (理由二). ④____________________________ (理由三)also play a role in this case.

  四、建议措施段

  【示例一】

  ①Considering all these reasons/this situation/Confronted with such a problem, I think we need to take some positive measures. ②On the one hand,_________________ (方法/建议一). ③On the other hand, it is necessary for us to_________________ (方法/建议二). ④Thus/Only in this way, can_________________ (总结自己的观点/建议/态度).

  【示例二】

  ①In order to improve the situation/To sum up the above argument/Confronted with such an issue/problem, we should find several solutions to it/need to take some positive measures. ②On the one hand/For one thing, we should_________________ (方法/建议一). ③On the other hand/For another,_________________ (方法/建议二).④Therefore/Thus/Only in this way, can_________________ (段落总结句).

  五、趋势预测段

  【示例一】

  ① Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these though-provoking drawings. ②On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten that______________ (主题). ③On the other hand, we should be sensible enough to_________________ (观点/态度). ④Only by_________________ (段落总结句), and only in this way can we have a brilliant future.

  【示例二】

  ①The effects of which has produced on can be boiled down to two major ones. ②First, (影响一). ③More importantly,_________________ (影响二). ④Hence, I believe that we will see a_________________ (提出展望)./Nevertheless, I do not think we will see a_________________ (或反面展望).

  六、举例说明段

  【示例一】

  ①There are many cases/examples to explain_________________ (主题句). ②Take as a typical example./The first example is that_________________ (阐述例子),_________________ (可进一步阐述). ③The second example is that/In addition/Here is a counter example./Opposite case in point is that/On the contrary (第二个例子的内容或举一个反面例子). ④Therefore,/Only can____________________________(总结主题句/段落总结句).

  【示例二】

  ①_________________ (观点句). It can be best/well illustrated in/explained by(例子). ②____________________________ (阐述例子). ③_________________ (进一步阐述例子). ④Therefore,_________________ (段落总结句:进一步总结观点句的必要性和重要性).

  七、观点阐释段

  【示例一】

  ①Nowadays, a heated debate about_________________ (主题) is under way in China. ②A close inspection of this argument would reveal how flimsy (groundless) it is.③As a matter of fact,_________________ (进一步说明).

  【示例二】

  ①While the rhythm/pace/tempo of people’s living is speeding up, one of the topics many city residents are discussing is_________________ (主题). ②As part of domestic modernization, needs to be developed urgently in china, for______________ (进一步说明).

  八、现象/现状说明段

  【示例一】

  ①With the rapid advances of in recent years, has____________________________ (引出现象). ②However, has , as_________________ (提出问题). ③As a result,_________________ (指出影响),which has aroused close social attention from all walks of life.

  【示例二】

  ①With the rapid development of science and technology (electronic industry/higher education), more and more people come to realize that_________________ (引出现象). ②It is estimated, over the past decade, that_________________ (用具体数据说明现象).

  九、利弊说明段

  【示例一】

  ①Recently the issue of whether or not_________________ (讨论话题) has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public. ②There are two major arguments that can be made for. ③For one thing, can bring to (优点一). ④For another, it is widely hold that people usually when (优点二). ⑤But we must not lose sight of the fact that there are also drawbacks to , among which are____________________________ (列举缺点). ⑥For instance, it can be to (举例说明). ⑦In addition, many people find it (形容词)to (第二个缺点).

  【示例二】

  ①Some people are in favor of the idea of doing_________________ (主题). ②They point out the fact that_________________ (支持的第一个原因). ③They also argue that_________________ (支持的另一个原因).④There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. ⑤However, other people stand on a different ground.⑥They consider it harmful to do . ⑦They firmly point out that______________ (反对的理由).

  十、归纳结论段

  【示例一】

  ①Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that____________________________ (得出结论). ②The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that____________________________ (给出原因).③It is high time that we_________________ (发出倡议).

  【示例二】

  ① Taking into account of all these factors, we may reach the conclusion that______________ (结论). ②And with the above content, it will show more profound significance in______________ (进一步总结).

  此外,跨考教育英语教研室张老师提醒大家,考研词汇、语法以及标点也是不可忽视的细节。同学们在练习时,要注意写作讲究用词准确。同时,英语的词汇非常丰富,一个词语通常都有许多同义词和近义词。考生如果平时注意积累并加以练习,就能够熟练在考试中运用。关于标点,特别英语中没有顿号,在汉语需要顿号的情况下可以用逗号。

  文章来源:跨考教育

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