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总结2015考研英语作文中常用引语和句套3

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2014-11-20 15:27:22

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  下面是几个不错的摸版:

  Recently there is a debate over whether …..Some people assert that..,

  while other people believe that…As a matter of fact, the issue of whether

  ….. is a complex and controversial one. Different people hold different

  views due to their distinct backgrounds. Therefore, there is not a

  universal answer to this question, and whether one choice takes precedence

  over the other may quite depend on the specific situation. The decision,

  nevertheless, is not an easy one to make. Actually, the final judgment

  should rely on a case-by-case analysis. As far as I am concerned, however,

  I agree that …. , and do not agree that….. My view can be greatly

  substantiated by the following discussions.

  The first argument that can be presented to develop my position is that… A

  good example may be found in the case that… Under this circumstance, it is

  obvious that….

  In addition, there is another reason for me to choose this statement. The

  reason is not far to seek…. To illustrate, let us consider that … Hence,

  another equally important aspect is that….

  Admittedly, it may be true that …. in some conditions. However, this alone

  does not constitute a sufficient support to claim that ….,Actually, these

  cases are rare and therefore are too specific and too weak to strengthen

  the view that…When the advantages and disadvantages of x and y are

  carefully examined, the most striking conclusion is obvious that…

  To sum up, due to the above mentioned reasons, which sometimes correlate

  with each other to generate an integrate whole and thus become more

  convincing than any single one of them, we may be comfortable to say that

  …., because….

  In this argument, the author concludes that… To support his conclusion,

  the author points out that…. In addition, the author reasons that…

  Further more, he also assumes that … . At first glance, the author’s

  argument appears to be somehow appealing, while a close examination will

  reveal how groundless it is. We do not have to look very far to see the

  invalidity of this argument. This argument is problematic for the following

  reasons.

  In the first place, this argument rests on a gratuitous assumption that ….

  The author unfairly assumes that…. However, the assumption is questionable

  because the author provides no evidence to support this argument. The

  arguer fails to take into account other facts that might contribute to the

  result that …….. It is likely that , ……………..; it is also likely that

  ………………………… Any of these scenarios, if true, would show that

  …………………..

  Therefore, this argument is unwarranted without ruling out such possibility.

  In the second place, the argument commits a logic fallacy of “after this

  and therefore because of this”. In no case can the mere fact that… be

  cited as evidence to support the assumption that there is a causal-effect

  relationship between A and B. Moreover, that just because B can be

  statistically correlated with A does not necessarily mean that A is the

  cause of B. In fact, the author has obviously neglected the possibility of

  other alternative facts such as…, or … may contribute to a certain extent

  to B. It may be only a coincidence that …… . Unless the author can rule

  out other factors relevant to …, this assumption in question can not be

  accepted.

  In the third place, the evidence that the author provides is insufficient

  to support the conclusion drawn from it. One example is rarely sufficient

  to establish a general conclusion. Unless the arguer can show that A1 is

  representative of all A, the conclusion that B… is completely unwarranted.

  In fact, in face of such limited evidence, it is fallacious to draw any

  conclusion at all.

  In the fourth place, the argument has also committed a false analogy

  fallacy. The argument rests on the assumption that A is analogous to B in

  all respects, and the author assumes without justification that all things

  are equal, and that the background conditions have remained the same at

  different times or at different locations. There is, however, no guarantee

  that this is the case. Nor does the author cite any evidence to support

  this assumption. Lacking this assumption, the conclusion that … is

  entirely unfounded. In fact, it is highly doubtful that the facts drawn

  from B are applicable to A. Differences between A and B clearly out weight

  the similarities, thus making the analogy highly less than valid. For

  example, A..., however, B.... Thus, it is likely much more difficult for B

  to do....

  In addition, the conclusion unjustifiably relies on the poll while the

  validity of the survey itself is doubtful. The poll cited by the author is

  too vague to be informative. The claim does not indicate who, when, how and

  by whom the survey is conducted, neither does it mention what is the sample

  size, or how the samples are selected. Until these questions are answered

  the results are worthless as evidence to support that….

  Besides, the author assumes that A and B are mutually exclusive

  alternatives. However, the author has never offered any reasons or

  evidences for imposing an either/or choice. Common sense and observation

  tells us that adjoining both A and B might produce better results.

  To sum up, the conclusion lacks credibility because the evidence cited in

  the analysis does not lend strong support to what the author claims. To

  make the argument more convincing concerning…. , the arguer would have to

  provide more information that………………. The arguer should also

  demonstrate that……………….to make this argument logically acceptable.

  Since the author commits the above mentioned logical mistakes and fails to

  consider the whole situation comprehensively, his ideas should not be

  adopted. The conclusion would be strengthened if he….

  In conclusion, the arguer fails to substantiate his claim that …. Because

  the evidence cited in the analysis does not lend strong support to what the

  arguer claims. To strengthen the argument, the arguer must convince us

  that…. In addition, the arguer could have to provide more precise

  information to support his claim.

  It is entirely possible that management has become lax regarding any number

  of factors that can affect the bottom line such as inferior products,

  careless product pricing, inefficient production, poor employee expense

  monitoring, ineffective advertising, sloppy buying policies and other

  wasteful spending

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