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2016年考研英语图表作文写作提纲、常用句型(含范文)

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2015-12-17 14:50:40

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图表作文可分为两大类:表作文和图作文,其中图作文又可分为三种:圆形图作文、曲线图作文和条状图作文,本文为大家介绍2016年考研英语图表作文写作提纲、常用句型:

2016年考研英语图表作文写作提纲、常用句型

一、图表作文的篇章结构

写图表作文时,常采用三段式的谋篇方式。文章的第一段往往分析图表中的数据变化反映什么问题或趋势,概述图表所揭示的信息。第二段分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因。第三段则展望未来的情况或提出解决问题的办法或建议。这一结构可以简单地表述为:

第一段:概述图表反映的主题思想

第二段:分析产生的原因

第三段:展望未来或提出方法或建议

二、图表作文常用的句型

(1)常用的开篇句型(即概述图表内容时常用的表达法)

① According to the table/pie chart/line graph/bar graph, we can see/conclude that … 根据该表/图,我们可知 ……

② The table/graph reveals (shows/indicates/illustrates/ represents/points out) that … 该表/图表明……

③ As we can see from the table …

As can be seen from the line/bar graph …

As is shown (illustrated/indicated) in the pie chart …

如表/图所示,……

(2) 描述增减变化常用的句型

① Compared with … is still increased by …

② The number of … grew/rose from … to …

③ An increase is shown in …; then came a sharp increase of …

④ In … the number remains the same/drops to …

⑤There was a very slight (small/slow/gradual) rise/increase in 1990.

⑥There was a very steady (marked/sharp/rapid/sudden/ dramatic) drop (decrease/ decline/ fall/ reduction) in 1998/ compared with that of last year).

下面是根据例2的题目要求写的范文。

⑴From the graph, we can see that the number of car accidents in Walton city fluctuated during the year of 1990. ⑵The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend. ⑶The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June. ⑷From June on, the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August. ⑸After August the rate began to decline remarkably, and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year. ⑹Therefore, it’s obvious that car accident in Walton city declined in 1990.⑴主题句/概述表格反映的内容⑵—(5)反映交通事故的变化情况(6)小结:总结表格数据反映的总趋势

⑺There are several reasons for the decline. ⑻First, a new traffic law was made and came into force. ⑼It provided that in summer every car must be air-conditioned. ⑽As a result, the highest rate in August, when humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient and easily lead to car accidents, dropped steadily. ⑾Second, new roads were built and some narrow streets were widened, which quickened the flow of traffic. ⑿Finally, the city administration made great efforts to heighten people’s awareness of observing traffic rules.⑺主题句⑻原因/措施一⑼解释措施一/次要辅助⑽采取措施一后的结果⑾原因/措施二⑿原因/措施三

⒀With all these new measures, I’m sure the rate of car accidents in Walton city will go on falling this year.⒀总结:展望未来的情况

据同学们反映,2016年考研英语图表作文写作提纲、常用句型非常实用,通过学习考生们大概知道了图表作文的篇章结构以及常用的开篇句型、描述增减变化常用的句型。

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