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英语复习指导-:作文第二段的具体写作框架

来源: 跨考教育

2016-01-05 19:59:20

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这篇文章中的知识点会是你从来没见过得,只用你的记忆不可能提高英语成绩,通过这些不断地学习英语才是最好的。在此,考研君推出“2016考研终极写作辅导”系列文章,从作文话题及各个段落的写作框架两大部分来分析,对考生在最后10天内迅速提高写作成绩有一定帮助。

本文主要内容为第二段写作。

解析:第二段为整篇作文非常重要的段落,是得失分的关键。需要考生予以高度重视。下面介绍两种行文思路——负向文章行文思路和正向文章行为思路。

一、负向文章行文思路:

负向文章行文思路主要是对话题的过渡、分析与数据/举例支撑。

A、过渡部分:

方案一:

(现实中大家热议XX话题。大家对此有不同的声音,但我…)In reality, the subject about +N/doing sth. has long been a buzz in network community, the public as well as the media. Though a variety of voices can be heard, … .

I totally oppose that+句子/ (2005年——people turn a blind eye to their aging parents)

I cannot agree more with you .

I can not oppose more against +N/I totally agree that+ 句子/ (2001爱心: love would brighten darkness/ love would cast light to the dark and brighten it. Where love would be, it will light up gloom.)

I highly recommend that we should discourage people from doing sth. (97吸烟—— discourage people, especially the youth, from smoking)

I can not agree more with the point that/ ( people are easily addicted to smoking and we should discourage them from doing that.)

方案二:

(图片反映的现象在快速发展中国各地区屡见不鲜,因此,这值得所有人的关注)In fact, the phenomenon reflected/mirrored by the cartoon typically occurs in many parts/regions of China, which are developing with breakneck speed, therefore, so it merits special attention from all walks of life.

方案三:

(这种情况值得大家关注。我的意见是)This situation/problem deserves careful concern/close attention from all walks of life, especially our young generation. I want to give my voice to … .

encourage sb to/ support that/ advocate that (2003温室花朵——parents should not relax the discipline in their families/ think twice about how to raise their kids.)

dote on sb. 溺爱 (2003温室花朵——doting on their kids/giving too much love to their kids.)

discourage sb from doing sth/ put an end to

B、原因分析(2-3条原因)

原因分析又分为外因和内因。

外因:社会、政府、媒体、家庭、学校,

① 法律缺失:

(问题是由法律不完善造成的) The current situation is often plagued by the absence(the lack of) of relative legislation(立法) and law enforcement

plague n瘟疫,疾病 v困扰

(当地政府没能填补xx方面的政策漏洞)The local authorities fail to close/fix loopholes in policies concerning (network community/ water pollution/dishonesty)

close/fix loopholes(漏洞)

② 媒体 mass media

(媒体对民意影响力大,媒体功能紊乱导致问题产生)The media has a powerful influence/impact on public opinion and a great deal of social conduct (social conduct社会行为)can be affected by the mass media. However, the dysfunction/malfunction of the media partially cause the problem that(问题) + .一句话

(媒体对民意影响力大,不幸的是,她的功能紊乱部分地导致问题)The mass media has great influence on public opinion via radio, TV program, magazines as well as newspapers. Unfortunately, it neglects to take that duty and therefore, leads to the problem that+一句话

③ 学校 college/university/school; business/medical/law school

(大学不应只提供课程,还应提供训练去改善大学生的素质。)College, a community of undergraduates, are/is supposed to not only provide lectures and experiments to leverage their academic performance, but training as well as courses to improve their personalities.

(大学各团体应该发出声音。但明显的,他们大多数时候都是沉默的大多数)Societies from college and Student Union should make their voices heard by the whole society. But evidently, they are silent/mute majority most of the time.

majority 成年人; minority 未成年人

administrations/departments/authorities/institutions concerned; lack supervision; insufficient management

④ 家庭(父母)

(家长是孩子最好的老师。孩子如何面对世界取决于家长如何教育。当家长忘了告诉他们的孩子该XX,问题会发生。)Parents are children’s best mentors. How children react to the world is largely determined by how parents parent and educate their kids in their childhood. When parents forget to let children understand that … , problems would, beyond a doubt, come up/pop up.

(家教会影响孩子的身心发展,并部分决定了孩子是否有个好的性格。如果家长经常在情感和身体上离开孩子,问题就出来了。)Parenting, would affect children’s mental development and physical growth, even partially determine whether he or she would have a good personality. When parents are often emotionally absent and even physically absent, problems would pop up.

内因: 意识(awareness、consciousness)、心态mentality,品质性格(人性personality) etiquette礼仪、道德(morality——a slash in morality may cause crash in society)、责任感(accountability)、

(这种行为失当不仅是由于不知道造成的,而往往是心态不正确造成的)价值观In most cases, this misbehavior/pressing problem/situation is not simply caused by ignorance but by a lack of awareness of / lack of a proper mentality/attitude that+ 句子

(公共场合大声打手机是很失礼的)Talking loud over the phone in public places is a major breach of etiquette.

a major breach of principles/rules/regulations

(人类逃避责任时,问题就出现了)When individuals, as tiny part of society, skip/shrug off their responsibilities/fold their arms toward the problem/turn a blind eye to the situation, problems are bond to come up/ get pressing.

这就是个英语学习的一个小文章,通过这样的文章简介会给你的英语学习带来乐趣,相信你会因此变得更加的努力,相信通过这些实现你的成功,在这些实践中会得到更多的知识,相信自己的眼光。

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