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2017考研英语作文写作攻略之词汇篇

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2016-01-28 13:57:55

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写作是“英语输出”的重要过程,是对语言重组和创造的应用,同时是表达个人想法和思考方式的重要体现。也就是对英文输出进行分析、综合和重组,对文字进行主观处理。所以,这种英语输出并不是一天两天的模板练习就能做好的,下面跨考教育英语教研室刘鸥老师将对大作文的写作攻略进行介绍。

英语一与英语二的小作文一样,都是应用文,其中包括书信、备忘录、报告、通知、便条和失物招领。英语一与英语二的大作文分别是图画作文和图表作文,虽有不同,但是写作的方法和技巧确实极其相似的,都要扩充知识面和词汇库,提高思维能力。这两方面能力的积累应该结合阅读的泛读及精读的练习,并通过不断的实战、修改等过程实现的。

首先,从真题中"拼凑"作文,考研英语真题代表了考研英语的正常水平。建议考生从真题阅读材料出发,从中挖掘经典的长难句,并对其进行分析,转化,形成自己的作文经典句型,将其整理到一个本子上,等积累到一定程度,对其分类,比如表达原因的、表达结论的、表达措施的等多种句型。其次,拔高作文模板选择范围。想要得高分,就要超过考生作文的平均水准。考研阅读理解中的长难句就是一个很好的材料,除此之外,雅思、托福等其他考试中的作文对考研作文也是有所助益的。雅思、托福这类考试参考书中的作文文风较为地道,句式也多样,体裁广泛,包含有图表作文、书信等等,虽然这类参考书提供给大家的也是模板类的材料,但比考研作文模板要更具英语本来的味道。作文写作的提升并不是短期突击就能得以提升的,它需要持之以恒认真踏实的训练,暑期之后每周应该坚持写一篇文章,并认真修改当中的语法错误,以及使用高级词汇替换简单词汇,尝试使用丰富的句型取代简单句。修改后需要认真总结反思,争取每篇文章都有提高和收获。

下面列举如何使简单词汇替换成高分词汇:

(1) 词根词缀法

(2) 简单词复杂化

(3) 积累常用替换词

important: vital, critical, crucial, essential, urgent, significant, necessary, of great importance

very: extremely, dramatically,

different: various, a variety of, vary from person to person

think: believe, reckon, suppose, maintain, assert, hold, claim, emphasize, insist, assume

a lot of /many: an army of, an ocean of, a multitude of, a host of, a large number of, a good many

more and more: increasingly, growing, people in mounting numbers

bad: dreadful, unfavorable, poor, ill

good: favorable, positive, promising, perfect, pleasurable, outstanding, superior, excellent

clear: obvious, apparent, evident

in my opinion: for my part, from my own perspective, in my respect

helpful: rewarding, beneficial

remember: bear in mind

about: regarding, concerning, in respect to, as to

show: demonstrate, manifest, illustrate

suggestion: proposal, recommendation

bad: dreadful/unfavorable/adverse

require: call for

widespread: prevalant

helpful: beneficial/rewarding

want: desire

communicaion: interaction

about: regarding/concerning

poor: underdeveloped/financially-challenged

always: invariably

dangerous: perilous/hazardous

difficult: formidable

poossible: feasible

so: consequently/accordingly

and-as well as

be surpised at-be amazed at

be sure to-be bound to

explain-account for

enjoy-be ctazy about

watch-keep an eye on

most of-the majority of

come from-stem from

more and more people-people in growin numbers

generally speaking-it goes without saying taht

more and more important than-carry more weight than

many-an army of/ an ocean of / a sea of/ a mulititude of/ a host of

some-quite a few

think-have an idea that/ take the attitude that/ hold the view that/ it is widely shared that/ it is universally acknowledged that

get many benefits-reap huge fruits

in my opinion-for my part/from my own perspective

sb. takes interest in/ sb. be interested in-sth. appeals to sb./sth. exerts a tremendous fascination on sb.

attract one's attention-capture everybody's attention

cause-give rise to/lead to/result in/trigger

pay attention to-pour attention into

remeber-bear in mind that

for example/for instance-to name only a few/as an example

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