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2018考研英语:作文中各个部分的常用句型

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2017-03-20 10:49:41

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  2018考研大幕已经拉开,很多同学都已早早进入复习阶段。考研英语作文的准备也同样需要我们提早下手,我们都知道一篇好的考研英语作文,好的开头结尾至关重要,但是我们也不要忽视起着承上启下作用的中间部分。而针对一些图像和表格题目,概述和描述性的固定句型也需要考生掌握。下面,是跨考网为大家准备的考研英语中的常用句型,各位考生适当地加以运用。

  一、“引言”段落中的常用句型

  1. …is a very popular topic which is much talked about not only by …but also by …

  家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个非常通俗的主题,不仅是城里人,而且农民都经常谈论这个问题。

  Weahter a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farners as well.

  2.There is no denying the fact that…

  无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。

  There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extemerely serious problem:the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.

  3.As is known to all,…

  众所周知,假冒伪劣商品损害了消费者的利益。

  As is known to all,fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.(=do a lot of harm to the interests of comsumers)

  4.More and more people are realing the importance of …

  现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重要性。为了维护社会治安,我们每人都应该接受法制教育。

  Tody an increaasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance .In order to keep law and order,very one of us is supposed to get(=receive)a law education.

  5.FromwhatIhavementionedabovewecanseeclearlythat…

  从上面我所提到的,我们可以清楚地看到,电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深远的。

  From what I have mentoned above,we can see clearly that violence on TV has great influence on young adults’behaviour.(或 teenagers’behavior 或 youngsters’behavior)

  二、“正文”段落中常用的句型

  1.There are some good reasons for…(分析原因)

  two possible

  人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。首先,我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。其次,国民经济正在迅速发展,而且出生率已经得到控制。

  There are two reasons for the improvement in people’s living conditions.Inthefirst place,we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy.Secondly,there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy .Further-more,the birth rate has been put under control.

  2.My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows.In the first place,… Secondly,…Finally… solve

  tackle

  relieve (提出建议)

  我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先,迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次,有些濒临灭绝的珍稀野生动物应该收捕、人工喂养并繁殖。最后,对于捕猎珍稀野生动物的人必须严惩。

  My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows .To begin with,it is urgent to create nature reserves.Secondly,certain rare wild animals that are goingtobeextinct should be collected,fed and reproduced artificially.Finally ,those who hunter them must be punished severely.

  3.Different people have different opinions on this question.Some people believe that …

  Others

  problem. matter. argue that… Still others assert that…(论述不同看法)

  人们对失败持有不同的态度。面对失败,有人能够经得起考验,从失败中汲取教训,并努力去完成他们下定决心要做的事情。然而,另一些人却丧失信心并退却了。

  People differ in their attitudes towards failure.Faced with it ,some of them can stand up to it .draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfii what they are determined to do.Others,however,lose heart and give in.

  4.It is important (nessary, urgent, difficult, easy, expensive, desirable, abvisable,convenient, comfortable)for sb. to do sth. (发表意见)

  人们希望建立更多的医院、购物中心、娱乐中心、电影院和其他公用设施来满足人民日益增长的需求。

  It is desirable to build more hospitals,shopping centres,recreation centres,cinemas and other public facilities to meet the growing needs of people.

  5.As a popular saying goes “Everything has two sides.” (分析利弊)

  常言道:“事物总是一分为二的”。如今人们从科技发明中得到越来越多的好处。另一方面,科技进步也给我们带来了许多麻烦。现在许多国家的人民饱尝公害之苦。

  As a popular saying goes, “Everything has two sides.” Now people (the public)are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. On the other hand,the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble.Peoplein many countries are srffering from public hazards.

  6.For example, … (举例阐述) For instance, … Let’s take …for examlpe.

  就拿汽车为例。汽车不仅污染城市空气,而且使城市拥挤不堪。此外,汽车造成许多交通事故。汽车所产生的噪音使居住在街道两旁的居民日夜不得安宁。

  Les ’ s take cars for example.They not only pollute the air in cities,but make them crowed.Furthermore,they carse a lot of traffic accidents. (…, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents.) The noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.

  7.It is generally believed that … accepted (引证观点) thought held

  普遍认为,在发达国家人口增长的主要原因与其说是出生率的上升,还不如说是由于医疗保健的改善的使死亡率下降了。

  It is generally believed (=thought) that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed coutries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in death rates as a result of the improvement in medical care.

  8. …causes (produces, brings about, leads to, results in …)(因果关系)毫无疑问,需求的增长导致了价格的上涨。

  There is no doubt that the increase in demand causes(results in/leads to) the rise in prices.

  三、图表概述或描述中常用的句型

  1. As is shown by the graph,… (概述图表)

  in the table.

  正如曲线所示,最近 54 年来该国人口飞速增长。

  As is shown by the graph,there has been a rapid increase in the population of the country in the past five years.

  2. It can be seen from the table that … (得出结论) shown graph concluded figures estimated statistics

  A. 从表中所给的统计数字可以看出,从 1985 年到 1990 年中国的人均收入迅速提高。

  From the statistics given in the table it can be seen that the average personal income of the Chinese people increased (grew 、rose) rapidly from 1985 to 1990.

  B. 从曲线图可以得出结论,最近 5 年来中国人口的出生率已经大大下降。

  It can be concluded from the graph that there has been a great decline in birth rates in China in the past five years.

  3. … amount to … (数量总计) add up to come to

  sum up to

  全部费用合计 200 美元。All the expenses (costs) amount to (= add up to) $ 200.

  4. … increase from … to … ( 数量增减 ) decrease rise fall drop

  A. 这个工厂生产的彩电已由 1986 年的 5000 台增加到 1990 年的21000 台。

  The number of colour TV sets produced by the factory increased (rose , grew , climbed) from 5000 in 1986 to 21000 in 1990.

  B.参加者的人数增加到 30 万。The number of paticipants grew up to 300000 persons = increased , reaching 300000 persons).

  C. 这个学校的教职工人数已减少到 700 人。The number of teaching staff members in this school has decreased to 700 persons.

  5.(be)three times as + 形容词 + as 总产量 total output 钢的年产量 the annual output of 上升 17% rise by 17per cent steel 日产量 the daily output 导致产量下降 result in a diminished output

  现在我们地区的粮食产量相当于 1970 年的 3倍。

  The grain production (= output)in our area now is three times as great as that of 1970.

  6.Compared with … , …

  与去年相比,今年 13 项主要产品的产量都有大幅度增长。The factory has an output of 9 million cigarettes daily.

  Compared with that of last year,the output of 13 main products (= items) this year has increased to a great extent.

  7.There is (was) a rapid rise in … be on the rise

  has been sharp increase on the increase

  sudden decrease on the decline

  steady decline

  gradual fall

  slow drop

  slight

  最近几年来这个地区的棉花产量有了迅速增长。

  The cotton output in this area has increased rapidly in the past few years.

  四、“结尾”段落中常用的句型

  1. In my opinion, … 2. Personally, I … 3. In short (= In brief), …

  4. In conclusion, … 5.As far as I’m concerned, … 6. To conclude , it seems clearthat…

  至于说到我,我赞成前一种观点。所以,我的结论是,只要我们坚持正确的东西,改正错误的东西,我们就一定能成功。

  As far as I’mconcerned,I’ m in favour of the former view.Therefore,my conclusion is that we are certain to succeed as long as we stick to what is right and correct what is wrong.

  一篇合格的考研英语作文中,除了好的开头结尾段,一个合适不突兀的转折也是必不可少的,它也会为我们的考研作文增色不少,希望大家多多参考,写得一手好作文!

 

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