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2020考研英语阅读策略:完型填句题解题方法

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2019-08-22 14:39:44

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  >>点击查看:2020考研英语阅读各题型解题方法大汇总

  时间飞逝,已经进入暑期尾声,考研路程漫长,同学们要继续保持学习动力。俗话说得英语者得考研,得阅读者,得英语。针对如此重要的模块,阅读题部分必须拿下。如果这部分答的不理想,你很有可能过不了线。所以,下面小编整理了2020考研阅读解题方法:完型填句题篇,让我们一起看看吧!

  【解题步骤】

  第一步:找出各选项的关联词

  第二步:将代词后面指代的内容还原回文章,进行匹配。

  【解题技巧】

  第一,选项中出现时间年代时,往往要注意与原文中年代的前后对应关系。

  第二,选项中出现代词时,该选项往往不能放在首句,要能分辨出该代词所指的内容:it可指代前面的单数名词或整个句子;they或them指代前面的复数名词;one指代前面的单数可数名词;that指代前面的不可数名词或句子;this指代前面的单数名词或句子。

  第三,将选项与原文对比时,与原文重复或同义改写的字越多的往往就是正确选项。

  第四,做完型填句(段)题时不用按顺序做,先做简单的后做难的,注意寻找上下文中的关键信息。

  【例题】2013年

  The social sciences are flourishing. As of 2005, there were almost half a million professional social scientists from all fields in the world, working both inside and outside academia. According to the World Social Science Report 2010, the number of social-science students worldwide has swollen by about 11% every year since 2000.

  Yet this enormous resource in not contributing enough to today's global challenges including climate change, security, sustainable development and health.(41)______Humanity has the necessary agro-technological tools to eradicate hunger , from genetically engineered crops to artificial fertilizers . Here , too, the problems are social: the organization and distribution of food, wealth and prosperity.

  (42)____This is a shame-the community should be grasping the opportunity to raise its influence in the real world. To paraphrase the great social scientist Joseph Schumpeter: there is no radical innovation without creative destruction.

  Today, the social sciences are largely focused on disciplinary problems and internal scholarly debates, rather than on topics with external impact. Analyses reveal that the number of papers including the keywords "environmental changed" or "climate change" have increased rapidly since 2004,(43)____.

  When social scientists do tackle practical issues, their scope is often local: Belgium is interested mainly in the effects of poverty on Belgium for example .And whether the community's work contributes much to an overall accumulation of knowledge is doubtful.

  The problem is not necessarily the amount of available funding (44)____this is an adequate amount so long as it is aimed in the right direction. Social scientists who complain about a lack of funding should not expect more in today's economic climate.

  The trick is to direct these funds better. The European Union Framework funding programs have long had a category specifically targeted at social scientists. This year, it was proposed that system be changed: Horizon 2020, a new program to be enacted in 2014, would not have such a category. This has resulted in protests from social scientists. But the intention is not to neglect social science; rather, the complete opposite. (45)____That should create more collaborative endeavors and help to develop projects aimed directly at solving global problems.

  [A] It could be that we are evolving two communities of social scientists: one that is discipline-oriented and publishing in highly specialized journals, and one that is problem-oriented and publishing elsewhere, such as policy briefs.

  [B] However, the numbers are still small: in 2010, about 1,600 of the 100,000 social-sciences papers published globally included one of these Keywords.

  [C] the idea is to force social to integrate their work with other categories, including health and demographic change food security, marine research and the bio-economy, clear, efficient energy; and inclusive, innovative and secure societies.

  [D] the solution is to change the mindset of the academic community, and what it considers to be its main goal. Global challenges and social innovation ought to receive much more attention from scientists, especially the young ones.

  [E] These issues all have root causes in human behavior. All require behavioral change and social innovations, as well as technological development. Stemming climate change, for example, is as much about changing consumption patterns and promoting tax acceptance as it is about developing clean energy.

  [F] Despite these factors, many social scientists seem reluctant to tackle such problems. And in Europe, some are up in arms over a proposal to drop a specific funding category for social-science research and to integrate it within cross-cutting topics of sustainable development.

  [G] During the late 1990s, national spending on social sciences and the humanities as a percentage of all research and development funds-including government, higher education, non-profit and corporate -varied from around 4% to 25%; in most European nations , it is about 15%.

  【解题步骤应用】

  1. 找选项关键词

  [A] two communities: one that is …and one that is …

  [B] the numbers, 2010, these Keywords.

  [C] the idea is, integrate their work

  [D] the solution

  [E] These issues, Stemming climate change, for example ,

  [F] these factors, such problems .

  [G]funds, 4% to 25%; 15%.

  2. 关键词匹配文章

  [B] the numbers ,2010, these Keywords.匹配到43空前的number和Keywords.

  [C] the idea is,integrate their work匹配到45空前的idea和collaborate

  [E] These issues, Stemming climate change , for example。利用for example可以匹配到41空前的原词,these issues可以匹配到including后面的许多因素。

  [F] these factors, such problems. 利用such problems匹配到42空前的problems,these factors匹配到前面的冒号后的内容。

  [G] funds, 4% to 25%; 15%.匹配到44空后的that is …amount。

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