您现在的位置: 跨考网公共课英语真题正文

2020考研英语一真题阅读理解text3原文

最后更新时间:2019-12-23 14:23:08
辅导课程:魔鬼集训 在线咨询
想找考研难度低但就业行情看好的院校专业?来跨考考研全年魔鬼集训二期,帮你找专业,强复习 了解一下>>

  2020考研英语一考试已经结束,希望大家考的都不错,下面是为大家整理的2020考研英语一真题阅读理解text3原文,以供大家参考。

  Text 3

  Progressives often support diversity mandates as a path to equality and a way to level the playing field. But all too often such policies are an insincere form of virtue-signaling that benefits only the most privileged and does little to help average people.

  A pair of bills sponsored by Massachusetts state Senator Jason Lewis and House Speaker Pro Tempore Patricia Haddad, to ensure "gender parity" on boards and commissions, provide a case in point.

  Haddad and Lewis are concerned that more than half the state-government boards are less than 40 percent female. In order to ensure that elite women have more such opportunities, they have proposed imposing government quotas. If the bills become law, state boards and commissions will be required to set aside 50 percent of board seats for women by 2022.

  The bills are similar to a measure recently adopted in Califomia, which last year became the first state to require gender quotas for private companies. In signing the measure, California Governor Jerry Brown admitted that the law, which expressly classifies people on the basis of sex, is probably unconstitutional.

  The US Supreme Court frowns on sex-based classifications unless they are designed to address an "important" policy interest, Because the California law applies to all boards, even where there is no history of prior discrimination, courts are likely to rule that the law violates the constitutional guarantee of "equal protection".

  But are such government mandates even necessary? Female participation on corporate boards may not currently mirror the pereentage of women in the general population, but so what?

  The number of women on corporate boards has been steadily increasing without government interference. According to a study by Catalyst, between 2010 and 2015 the share of women on the boards of global corporations increased by 54 percent.

  Requiring companies to make gender the primary qualification for board membership will inevitably lead to less experienced private sector boards. That is exactly what happened when Norway adopted a nationwide corporate gender quota.

  Wrting in The New Republic, Alice Lee notes that increasing the number of opportunities for board membership without increasing the pool of qualified women to serve on such boards has led to a"golden skirt "phenomenon, where the same clite women scoop up multiple seats on a variety of boards.

  Next time somebody pushes corporate quotas as a way to promote gender equity, remember that such policies are largely self-serving measures that make their sponsors feel good but do litle to help average women.

  31. The author believes that the bills sponsored by Lewis and Haddad wills________

  [A] help little to reduce gender bias.

  [B] pose a threat to the state government.

  [C] raise women's position in politics.

  [D] greatly broaden career options.

  32. Which of the following is true of the California measure?

  [A] It has irritated private business owners.

  [B] It is welcomed by the Supreme Court,

  [C] It may go against the Constitution.

  [D] It will settle the prior controversies.

  33. The author mentions the study by Catalyst to ilustrate____

  [A] the harm from arbitrary board decision.

  [B] the importance of constitutional guaranees.

  [C] the pressure on women in global corporations.

  [D] the needlessness of government interventions.

  34. Norway's adoption of a nationwide corporate gender quota has led to____

  [A] the underestimation of elite women's role.

  [B] the objection to female participation on boards.

  [C] the entry of unqualified candidates into the board.

  [D] the growing tension between labor and management.

  35. Which of the following can be inferred from the text?

  [A] Women's need in employment should be considered.

  [B] Feasibility should be a prime concern in policymaking.

  [C] Everyone should try hard to promote social justice.

  [D] Major social issues should be the focus of legislation.

  2022考研征程已开启,了解竞争压力,盘点历年考研人数,请前往→近10年考研人数汇总;院校难抉择,跨考复习入门难,自制力不足复习无章法,跨考考研全年集训营专为你而来!

  对于2021考生,成绩出来后,复试调剂迫在眉睫,想要在复试和调剂间找到自己的位置,断进入复试概率,前往点击评估复试入选率 手机打开效果更佳哦);
        若此战失利,与理想院校失之交臂,没关系!天没塌!二战集训营,我们等你,挽救2021的失误,这次,我们和你一起再战考研!

点击右侧咨询或直接前往了解更多

2022考研全年集训
2022考研形式分析 各专业院校排名情况 从历年会计专硕报录比说MPAcc考研难吗
2022考研时间及注意事项 全年复习方案制定
从金融专硕报录比解读金专考研哪些院校最好考 考研难度分析及自身情况解读
2021考研复试调剂 2021考研复试·了解导师 通知!2021考研第一批调剂信息来了!
历年考研复试面试常见话题汇总 全国各省研招办官网网址及微信公众号汇总!
复试时要查本科成绩单怎么办? 2021考研复试参考书目

跨考考研课程

班型 定向班型 开班时间 全科协议班 全科标准班 课程介绍 咨询
全年集训二期 定向-政英统考班 4.20-12.20 80800起 60800 公共课集训面授课程+专业课集训面授课程+专业课针对性一对一课程+高清公共课线上精英补课课程+KTS专业课课程+班主任全程督学服务+全程规划体系+全程测试体系+全程精细化答疑+择校择专业能力定位体系+全年关键环节指导体系+初试保过加强课+初试协议班专属服务+复试全科协议班服务
2021无忧畅学 定向-数政英+(经济学;金融专硕;国际商务硕士;计算机;通信;电气;机械) 每月20日 26800起 16800起 基础阶在线课程+强化阶在线课程+真题阶在线课程+冲刺阶在线课程+专业课针对性一对一课程+班主任全程督学服务+全程规划体系+全程测试体系+全程精细化答疑+择校择专业能力定位体系+全年关键环节指导体系+初试保过加强课+初试协议班专属服务+复试全科标准班服务

①凡本网注明“稿件来源:跨考网”的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属北京尚学硕博教育咨询有限公司(含本网和跨考网)所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转帖或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明“稿件来源,跨考网”,违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

②本网未注明“稿件来源:跨考网”的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着再通转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的“稿件来源”,并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为“稿件来源:跨考网”,本网将依法追究法律责任。

③如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与跨考网联系,电话:400-883-2220