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2016年考研英语词汇详解:词根+例句(1)

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2015-04-13 16:29:00

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2016年考研英语词汇详解

  第一组: aud表示声音

  audio ['ɔ:diəu][a.] [仅用于名词前]

  1. [用于构成合成词]听觉的;声音的

  2. related to recording and broadcasting sound录音的,音频的,声频的

  讲解:-io 表示放射 的意思所以我们看到一些列的词汇

  radio广播

  video 视频

  rad表示根,原本指的是一个点根本点

  radical 根本的,彻底的

  radical change eradicate (连根拔起) 根除,彻底消除

  radiate 放射

  audit ['ɔ:dit]

  讲解:aud+it 听+走=旁听it 表示走怎么记忆呢?用熟悉的陌生人法

  ex+it vis+it 所以it 表示走我们要以后再看到这个词汇

  [v.] 1. to attend a university course without having to take any examinations旁听(大学课程)

  2. to officially examine a company’s financial records查......的账目,审计

  [n.] 1. an official(usu. yearly) examination of business and account(政府通常一年一度的)审计,查账

  [词汇派生] 1. auditor n.旁听者;查账员,审计员

  [真题例句] 1. Williams, a state auditor earing $35,000 a year. (2006阅读Part B)

  auditorium [,ɔ:di'tɔ:riəm] [n.] [C]

  1. the part of a theatre where people sit when watching a play, concert etc观众席;听众席

  2. large building used for concerts or public meetings音乐厅,礼堂[近hall]

  讲解um 表示地点:stadium 站着的地方露天大型体育场museum 博物馆(艺术女神站的地方) aquarium 猜猜?aqua=water 水族馆

  audience ['ɔ:diəns] [n.]

  1. 观众,听众,读者[近spectator]

  2. a formal meeting with an important person(与重要的人)会见,正事拜会[+with sb]

  ② aut

  author ['ɔ:θə]

  [n.] 1. 作家,著者[近writer] 2. the person who creates or starts a plan, an idea, etc (计划、思想等的)提倡者,创始人,发起人

  [v.] 3. 著(书),写作,编写

  [词汇派生]

  1. authoress n. 女作者,女作家

  2. authorial a. 作者的,作家的

  3. authorship n. 作者,作者身份;写作,著述

  [真题例句]

  1. There is open-access publishing, typically supported by asking the author or his employer to pay for the paper to be published. (2008年阅读Text 2) 讲解:注意作者的 a copyright royalty 版税publish 出版

  authority [ɔ:'θɔrəti]

  [n.] 1. the power or right you have because of your official position or because people respect your knowledge and experience权力,权威,威信

  2. the person ,group or organization having the power to give orders or take action or that are in charge of a particular country, areas or public affairs当局,官方,当权者近[official]

  3. sb who knows a lot about a subject and whose knowledge and opinions are greatly respected专家,权威人士

  4. books, etc that can supply reliable information or evidence可提供可靠资料或证据的书籍等;权威著作

  5. official permission to do sth(正式的)批准,授权

  [短语搭配] 1. have sth on good authority: believe sth because you trust the person who told you about it 完全相信(用于表示信任告知你情况的人);有可靠的证据

  [词汇派生] 1. authoritative a.命令式的,权威式的;权威性的

  [真题例句]

  1. Australia’s Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die. (1997阅读Text 1)

  澳大利亚北部地区成为世界上第一个允许医生根据绝症病人个人意愿来结束其生命合法当局。

  2. And one leading authority says that these intensely powerful mental events can be not only harnessed but actually brought under conscious control...(2005阅读Text 3) 业内权威

  authorize ['ɔ:θəraiz]

  [v.] [T] 1. to give official permission for sth, or for sb to do sth 批准,授权[近empower, license, sanction]

  [词汇派生] 1. authorization n. 批准,授权;批准书,授权书讲解:authorize sb to do

  [题源例句]

  1. The 2006 decision authorized individual smokers to sue the companies on that basis, and more than 7,000 cases were filed by a January deadline. (2008 Business week)

  2006年的决定允许烟民个人以此为依据起诉公司,结果到一月份截止有超过七千件诉讼案件。

  authentic [ɔ:'θentik]

  [a.] 1. known to be real an genuine and not a copy真品的,真迹的

  2. made to be exactly the same or as good as the original 逼真的

  3.done or made in the traditional or original way正宗的,原汁原味的

  4.based on facts, true and accurate 可靠的,真实的

  [词汇派生]

  1. authentically ad. 真正地,确实地,地道地

  2. authenticity n.确实性,真实性

  3. authenticate vt.证明......是真实的,证实

  [真题例句] 1. But the cult of the authentic and the personal, “doing our own thing”, has spelt the death of formal speech, writing, poetry and music.(2005阅读Text 4) 然而,“做自己的事”这一对真实性和个性的崇尚信条,已经招致了正式演讲、写作、诗歌及音乐的消亡。

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