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2015考研英语大作文类型分析:图画作文

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2014-05-23 10:28:48

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2015年考研英语作文万能摸板及范文汇总

  图画作文

  1.写作攻略

  图画作文是较难的题型之一,近几年考研英语写作试题均为图画题型,因此考生应该特别认真地对待。这类题一般要求考生仔细看图,根据题目要求写成自己的作文。实际上,图画作文也可以当作三段式的提纲作文来写。第一段用来描述图画并揭示其寓意(寓意一般用一句话来概括就可以),第二段分析原因,最后一段发表评论或提出建议,其中第二、三段应该是写作的重点。面对此类题型,考生应首先确定主题,然后再动笔。具体写作要点:

  (1) 仔细研究作文指令,弄清楚作文的要求,是否有标题?是否有提纲?然后从题目中找出中心词,分析修饰词,准确地抓住题目的中心思想。

  (2)认真解读图画,因为图画是作文的信息基础。考生应对图画进行全面而细致的研究,尤其要注意图画中人或物(人与物)的体貌表情特征和背景,确定人物之间,人物与背景之间的主要关系,以便正确掌握图画所传达的信息。

  (3)如果图画以系列形式(既两幅以上)出现,考生除需掌握每一幅图画的信息外,还应该对图画之间的相互联系有所理解,在整体上把握图画所传达的信息。

  (4)面对图画作文,考生应该展开合理而丰富的联想,用生动恰当的言辞抒发自己对图画的所思、所想、所感。

  (5)注意图画作文中的文字说明。文字说明非常重要,通常十分清楚地提供一些写作要点,考生在看说明时要看清主、谓、宾,正确理解说明的意义。

  (6)草拟提纲,合理组织材料。根据图画内容的不同采用不同的段落发展方式。如图画式作文写作多要求进行描写图画。对于漫画式写作,漫画描写本身并不重要,但文章的寓意却要力求准确,不要拖泥带水。

  (7)系统且突出地展开段落。展开段落要根据画面内容进行,最好能围绕每一段的主题句进行。

  (8)检查与修改。考生应重点检查图画内容是否准确地被表达出来,题目所给提示是否完整地反映在文章之中。如果存在与画面不相符的内容,或未能完全涵盖题目所给提示,考生应对文章做出相应修订。

  2.必背模版句型

  As is described in the picture...

  这幅图描述了……

  The purpose of the picture is to show us that...

  这幅图的目的是为了给我们展示……

  We can deduce form this picture that...

  从这幅图中我们可以推断……

  The picture indicates / conveys the meaning that

  这幅图指出/传达……

  More and more people have come to realize...

  越来越多的人已经意识到……

  Now it is commonly held that... but I doubt whether...

  现在大家都普遍认为……,但我怀疑……

  As is shown in the picture, we can see clearly the relationship between... and ...

  从图中我们可以清楚的看到……和……的关系。

  No wonder most see the problem of... as that of ... rather than that of...

  难怪大多数人把……看成……的问题,而不是……的问题。

  Anyone with the least common sense knows that...

  稍微有点常识的人都知道……

  There is much discussion today about...

  现在人们都在热烈地讨论……

  Thanks to..., more and more...

  由于……越来越多的……

  As more and more people..., much attention should be placed on...

  由于越来越多的人……,所以人们应该重视……

  If such measures were not taken, the problem of... would have been more serious.

  如果不采取这些措施,……的问题就会更加严重。

  On the surface/At first thought it may seem a sound /an attractive/ suggestion /solution / idea, but careful weighing on the mind /on closer analysis / on second thought, we find that ...

  表面上/第一眼看上去似乎是一个非常好的想法,但仔细一想/分析,我们却发现……

  Another reason why I dispute the above statement is that ...

  我之所以反对以上论点还有一个原因……

  Unless there is a common realization of ..., it is very likely that ...

  除非大家普遍意识到……,否则很可能……

  No easy method can be at hand to solve the problem of ..., but the common recognition of the necessity of ... might be the first step towards change in the right direction.

  解决……问题并不容易,但认识到……的必要性是向正确方向发展的第一步。

  3.必背经典范文

  Directions: study the following drawing carefully and write an essay in which you should

  1) describe the drawing,

  2) interpret its implications, and

  3) give your comments.

  As is described in the picture, a middleaged man holds a plate with a bowl, a pair of chopsticks, and a jar of nourishment, murmuring “to live well up to the 22nd century, it is really helpful to build up good health with nourishments.”His face is as dull as dead water, his tongue is stuck out of his mouth and his posture is strange, knees bent, leaning forward.

  This cartoon points out a serious problem which needs to be taken seriously: “What is a positive attitude towards nourishment?” Misconception prevails nowadays all over the world that nourishment can make the weak strong and the sick healthy. For those who believe in this kind of theory, such omnipotent nourishment is allcures. So they take this kind of magical nourishment excessively. However, this is far from the truth. Taking nourishment to ensure your health is nothing but an illusion. Moreover, a great amount of fake nourishment is flooded with in the markets, which will thus deteriorate your health after continual use.

  From the analysis above we can easily draw a conclusion: a wish is a wish, no matter how sweet it is. A good wish, however, doesnt mean a real life! In reality, life blooms with doing exercises and taking part in sports. Besides, proper diets are also a rewarded way to keep you fit and healthy. Give up the idea of “more nourishment and more health” and you will build a muscular body in the long run.

  题目:仔细观察这幅图,写一篇短文。你的短文应该包括:

  1)描述这幅图

  2)解释它的含义

  3)阐述你自己的观点

  译文

  图中,一个中年男子端着一个盘子,盘子中有一个碗,一双筷子和一瓶补品。他的嘴里念念有词:“要活到22世纪还真得补一补!”他的脸像一杯白开水,舌头伸在嘴外,他的姿势更奇怪,双膝弯曲,身体前倾。

  这幅漫画揭示了一个必须认真对待的严重的问题“对待营养的正确态度是什么?”目前,全世界都存在着这样的误解,大家认为补品可以使体质虚弱的人变强壮,生病的人变健康。那些相信这种理论的人,把这种全效补品当成万能药。但这并不是真理。靠吃补品来维持健康只是个幻想。另外,市场上有很多假冒的补品,如果长期食用会对身体有害。

  从上面的分析我们可以得出:希望永远都是希望,不管它多么的美好。良好的愿望并不代表真正的生活。事实上,只有多锻炼参加体育运动才能强身健体。另外,完善的饮食也是保持健康的一个好方法。放弃“多吃补品就会健康”的想法,你将从长远角度拥有一个强健的身体。

  2015考研选专业 选学校

  2015考研报名时间

  中国最大研究生招生信息数据库

  2015考研复习资料及指导(5-7月)

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