跨考教育

跨考教育

当前位置: 跨考网 > 公共课 > 英语 > 作文 > 正文

2015考研英语二大作文命题类型及写作方案(预测)

来源: 跨考教育

2014-12-02 11:37:00

手机考研网

收藏本文

图表作文已经成了考研英语二的主要出题趋势,2015年考研英语二大作文依旧会遵循这一趋势几乎成了共识。那么何种图表作文会受到命题人的亲睐,如何写作会让阅卷人看着顺眼?一起随跨考小编来看看:2015考研英语二大作文命题类型及写作方案(预测)!

一、出题形式

例1题目:Changes in People’s Diet

Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. Write three paragraphs to:

1.state the changes in people’s diet(饮食)in the past five years;

2.give possible reasons for the changes;

3.draw your own conclusions.

You should quote as few figures as possible.

例2题目:Car Accidents Declining in Walton City

Remember that your composition must be written according to the following outline;

1.Rise and fall of the rate of car accidents as indicated by the graph;

2.Possible reason(s)for the decline of car accidents in the city;

3.Your predictions of what will happen this year.

Your composition should be no less than 120 words and you should quote as few figures as possible.

例3 For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Health Gain in Developing Countries. Your composition must be no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the following instructions(given in Chinese):

1. 以下图为依据描述发展中国家的期望寿命(life expectancy)和婴儿死亡率(infant mortality)的变化情况

2. 说明引起变化的各种原因

从以上例子可见,图表作文一般在题目中给出作文的标题和一个或几个统计表格、圆形图、曲线图或条形图,有时还用英文或中文提纲的形式给出提示,要求我们:

1)用文字描述图表,客观解释图表中所传递的信息,并找出某种规律或趋势;

2)就图表中所反映的某种趋势或问题分析其原因或后果。

二、写作要领

图表作文着重说明事实,常常是通过对图表中所反映的具体数据的说明、分析、比较,对某种事物或现象的事实或变化情况等加以说明,并提出结论或看法。因此,图表作文常常采用议论文体的写作方法。跨考教育英语教研室杨老师认为,写好图表作文,关键在于能否读懂图表中所提供的信息,把握各信息间的联系,用准确流畅的语言把这一信息表达出来,并就这一信息发表自己的看法。

三、写作步骤

写图表作文时,要注意遵循以下步骤:

1) 认真分析图表的含义,弄清图表中所含的信息及不同信息间的关系;

2) 确定文章的主题思想,构思出文章的基本框架,筛选出能说明图表主题思想的典型数据;

3) 编列文章的提纲;

4) 根据文章的提纲,将各段的提纲内容扩展成段落,然后将各个段落组成文章,注意段与段之间的衔接与过渡;

5) 检查与修改。

四、篇章结构

写图表作文时,常采用三段式的谋篇方式。文章的第一段往往分析图表中的数据变化反映什么问题或趋势,概述图表所揭示的信息。第二段分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因。第三段则展望未来的情况或提出解决问题的办法或建议。这一结构可以简单地表述为:

第一段:概述图表反映的主题思想

第二段:分析产生的原因

第三段:展望未来或提出方法或建议

五、作文模版(一)

问题解决型

As is shown in the picture(graphcartoontable),it goes without saying that the drawing aims at revealing a common problem(in China):______.Its status as the focus of public concern mainly results from its profound influence on individuals, collective and even the whole world. Each of us should attach high emphasis on solving it.

As a matter of fact, the symbolic meaning the picture conveys is deep and profound. Naturally and necessarily, there are two major ways coping with this problem. The first way to tackle it is to appeal to authorities to take measures. Once achieving the success of solving the problem, the whole society also thrives/makes progress. Solving the problem can accelerate better individuals’development. The other way that is worth adopting is to work out new laws. Where there are better laws, there are more hopes, vitality and development. These advisable laws eventually brings economic prosperity and social harmony. Finally, I can safely come to the conclusion that it is high time we enhanced the awareness of people that is every vital to us. Only by these means can we succeed in solving the problem in the near future.(1 Therefore, measures should be taken to terminate the ridiculous affair. First and foremost, governments should establish some regulations to prohibit enterprises and people from making such misdeeds. What’s more, people should get ready to pass criticism upon such misdeeds anytime and anywhere. After all, it is necessary to develop our society by performing hard work instead of talking nonsense.

In my opinion, it is imperative that we should take some drastic actions. On the one hand, we should appeal to our authorities to enact concrete laws to control commercial fishing. On the other hand, we should enhance people's awareness that ocean resources are vital to us and the ecological balance will be guaranteed with the strategy of sustainable development. Only by doing so can we effectively protect our natural resources. Also I am convinced that we humans can overcome this difficulty and we will have a bright future.)

To conclude, we should not yield to mediocrity regardless of seemingly insurmountable obstacles. So the prospect we are looking forward to will be bright and encouraging.

分享到:

相关推荐

跨考网| 研招网| 考研信息网| 关于我们| 加入我们| 联系我们 | 网站导航

跨考手机考研网:http://m.kuakao.com/ 考研从未如此简单

Copyright@2004-2014 www.kuakao.com All Right Reserived 京 ICP备11041699号-3

版权所有:北京尚学硕博教育咨询有限公司

 

公共课保分班

400-883-2220