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2016考研英语作文必背30篇:8.安乐死

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2015-04-02 09:57:06

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  2016考研英语作文必背30篇:8.安乐死

  范文(八)

  Writing (图画提纲式议论文)

  Directions: Study the following picture carefully and write an essay of 160 – 200 words in which you should

  1) describe the picture.

  2) state different views on mercy killing, and

  3) give your opinion on it.

  晚期癌症病人请求安乐死。我们怎么办?

  范文

  Mercy killing is one of the most controversial issues in the world of medicine. As the picture given above depicts, a late-stage cancer patient is terminally-ill, asking the doctors for mercy killing. But the doctors look deeply embarrassed, feeling helpless because they are at a loss what to do about it.

  The picture really sets me thinking. It implies that people differ in their attitudes towards the mercy killing. Some people think that physician-assisted suicide can relieve dying patients of unbearable pain and suffering. They maintain that as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, he has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death. Others are strongly opposed to physician-assisted suicide. They contend that a doctor has no right to give a patient sufficient medication to control his pain if that may hasten death. They conclude that it is illegal for doctors to help the dying end their lives.

  As far as I’m concerned, doctors have a duty to help dying patients to alleviate their pain and suffering. I also agree that doctors deserve to be punished if they prolong the needless suffering of their terminally-ill patients. In short, I am in favor of mercy killing. (207 words)

  译文:

  安乐死是医学界最有争议的问题之一。正如上面所示的画所描绘的,一位晚期癌症病人病入膏肓,请求医生们实施安乐死。但医生们看上去十分尴尬,感到无能为力,因为他们不知道该怎么办。

  这幅画确实发人深省。它暗示,人们在对待安乐死上看法不一致。有些人认为,医助自杀可以减轻垂死病人不堪忍受的痛苦。他们主张,只要医生开药是为了合法的医疗目的,那么即使病人使用这种药物加速了死亡,医生也没有做什么违法的事。其他人则强烈反对医助自杀。他们坚持认为,医生无权给病人开足以控制痛苦的药物,如果那样做会加速死亡的话。他们的结论是,医生帮助垂危病人结束生命是违法的。

  依我看,医生有义务帮助垂死病人缓解病痛。我还认为,如果医生延长了垂死病人不必要的痛苦的话,那他们应该受到惩处。总之,我赞成安乐死。

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