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2014-12-28 18:04:58







  Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  In our contemporary culture, the prospect of communicating with -- or even looking at -- a stranger is virtually unbearable. Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they fiddle with their phones, even without a 1 underground.

  It's a sad reality -- our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings -- because there's 2 to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you. But you wouldn't know it, 3 into your phone. This universal armor sends the 4 : "Please don't approach me."

  What is it that makes us feel we need to hide 5 our screens?

  One answer is fear, according to Jon Wortmann, executive mental coach. We fear rejection, or that our innocent social advances will be 6 as "creepy,". We fear we'll be 7 . We fear we'll be disruptive. Strangers are inherently 8 to us, so we are more likely to feel 9 when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances. To avoid this anxiety, we 10 to our phones. "Phones become our security blanket," Wortmann says. "They are our happy glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more 11 ."

  But once we rip off the bandaid, tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up, it doesn't 12 so bad. In one 2011 experiment, behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable: Start a13. The duo had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow 14. "When Dr. Epley and Ms. Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to 15 how they would feel after talking to a stranger, the commuters thought their 16 would be more pleasant if they sat on their own," the New York Times summarizes. Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience, after they 17 with the experiment, "not a single person reported having been snubbed."

  18, these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication, which makes absolute sense, 19 human beings thrive off of social connections. It's that 20: Talking to strangers can make you feel connected.

  1.[A] ticket[B] permit[C] signal[D] record

  2.[A] nothing[B] little[C] another[D] much

  3.[A] beaten[B] guided[C] plugged[D] brought

  4.[A] message[B] code[C] notice[D] sign

  5.[A] under[B] beyond[C] behind[D] from

  6.[A] misapplied[B] mismatched[C] misadjusted[D] misinterpreted

  7.[A] replaced[B] fired[C] judged[D] delayed

  8.[A] unreasonable[B] ungrateful[C] unconventional[D] unfamiliar

  9.[A] comfortable[B] confident[C] anxious[D] angry

  10.[A] attend[B] point[C] take[D] turn

  11.[A] dangerous[B] mysterious[C] violent[D] boring

  12.[A] hurt[B] resist[C] bend[D] decay

  13.[A] lecture[B] conversation[C] debate[D] negotiation

  14.[A] passengers[B] employees[C] researchers[D] trainees

  15.[A] reveal[B] choose[C] predict [D] design

  16.[A] voyage[B] ride[C] walk[D] flight

  17.[A] went through[B] did away[C] caught up[D] put up

  18.[A] in turn[B] in fact [C] in particular[D] in consequence

  19.[A] unless[B] since[C] if[D] whereas

  20.[A] funny[B] logical[C] simple[D] rare

  正确选项: 1-5 CDCAC 6-10 DCDCD 11-15 AABAC 16-20 BABBC


  1. C [A] ticket 票 [B] permit 允许,许可 [C] signal信号,标志 [D] record记录,记载


  2. D [A] nothing 没有什么 [B] little 一点 [C] another另外一个 [D] much许多

  解析:名词辨析。在这句话中because there's ____to be gained,缺少的是gained 的宾语。所以我们much 代替这个宾语。因此D为正确选项。

  3. C [A] beaten被击败的,打败的 [B] guided有指导的 [C] plugged 塞紧的 [D] brought带来,拿来

  解析:动宾搭配。C选项plugged 与into搭配,译为“塞进”,符合原文语境。因此C为正确选项。

  4. A [A] message消息,信息 [B] code密码,法则 [C] notice注意 [D] sign符号,签名

  解析:动宾搭配。send the messages 译为“传递消息”符合原文语义。因此A为正确选项。

  5. C [A] under在……下面 [B] beyond超出 [C] behind 在……后面 [D] from来自

  解析:动词与介词搭配。本题中,空格处所需一个介词,和前面的hide搭配。因此,hide behind 翻译成“隐藏在__的后面”,搭配最为合理。因此C为正确选项。

  6.D [A]misapplied 被误用的 [B]mismatched 不相配的,不势均力敌的 [C]misadjusted 失调的 [D]misinterpreted误解

  解析:上下文语义+词义辨析 在本题中,空格处需要填一个动词的被动语态,同时要搭配后面的“as creepy”(被___当做怪异的)。因此,结合四个单词的含义,D选项“被误解成为行为怪异的”更符合原文语义要求。因此D为正确选项。

  7. C [A]replaced被替换的 [B]fired被开除的 [C]judged裁定的,评判的 [D]delayed延时的,拖延的

  解析:上下文语义+词义辨析 本句中,考查我们 “fear” 的事情是被____. 结合上下文语义以及选项含义,我们可以直接排除掉B和D,这两项与“坐地铁”无关。符合原文含义的是D,我们害怕被“评判”。因此C为正确选项。

  8. D [A]unreasonable不合理的,不切合实际的 [B] ungrateful忘恩负义的,不领情的 [C]unconventional非传统的,不合惯例的[D]unfamiliar不熟悉的

  解析:上下文语义+形容词辨析 本题考查形容词的辨析。四个选项本身没有难度。做形容词这一类题要注意它修饰的成分是什么。本句是一个较简单的主系表结构,主语是“strangers” ,空格处让我们填表语,修饰的是strangers,因此,根据语义,应该选择D选项“不熟悉的”,译为“陌生人本身对我们来说就是不太熟悉的”。因此D为正确选项。

  9. C [A]comfortable 舒适的,充裕的[B]confident自信的,有信心的[C]anxious忧虑的, [D]angry生气的,愤怒的

  解析:上下文语义+形容词辨析 本题结合前半句的含义,“陌生人本身对我们来说就是不太熟悉的”,因此,人们在和陌生人交流的时候会更___。我们要选择一个形容词来修饰与陌生人交流时候的心情,结合四个单词含义,C“忧虑的”更符合这种交流心境。因此C为正确选项。

  10.D [A]attend 出席,参加[B]point指出,朝向,瞄准[C]take 拿,带 [D]turn 翻转,旋转,转移

  解析:动词搭配。上句语义为“为了避免这种尴尬,我们___我们的手机”。在本句中,需要一个动词,并且能“to”搭配。A与B比较好排除,关键看C和D这两个选项. C选项 “take to ”译为“开始,从事”。D选项“turn to”译为“转向”。D比C更能说明我们的这个动作。因此D为正确选项。

  11. A [A]dangerous 危险的[B]mysterious神秘的[C]violent猛烈的,强烈的,暴力的 [D]boring令人厌烦的,无聊的


  12. A [A]hurt 损害,伤害[B]resist抵制,抵抗[C]bend弯曲 [D]decay(使)衰退,腐败

  解析:动词辨析。这段句首有一个非常重要的连接词 “But”,表示转折关系,说明接下来所要表述的含义与上文发生了完全的改变。根据对上一段的分析,是说人们在乘坐地铁的时候,经常看手机是因为害怕和陌生人交流,那么这一段的论述方向为“但是如果我们收起手机,向上看看,其实不会__的重。”结合四个选项含义,A选项“伤害”更符合语义。因此A为正确选项。

  13. B [A]lecture演讲,讲课 [B]conversation谈话,会话[C]debate辩论,争论 [D]negotiation谈判,协商


  14. A [A]passengers 旅客[B]employees雇员[C]researchers 研发人员[D]trainees研修生


  15. C [A]reveal 显示,透漏[B]choose选择[C]predict 预测[D]design设计,计划

  解析:动词辨析。本题考查四个选项的词义辨析。结合原文语境,我们不难发现,有一个非常重要的线索点,即“ how they would feel after talking to a stranger”我们要选择一个动词能连接后面的“would”将来时,所以,只有C选项有这个功能。因此C为正确选项。

  16. B [A]voyage 航行,旅行[B]ride骑,乘[C]walk步行 [D]flight飞行

  解析:名词辨析。在本句中, “____ would be more pleasant if they sat on their own,”要选择一个动词与乘坐地铁有关。因此,B选项“ride乘”比较符合原文语义。

  17.A [A]went through 经历,检查,浏览[B]did away(with)废除,去掉[C]caught up 赶上,追上[D]put up放,存储,提供


  18. B [A]in turn 依次,轮流,反过来[B]in fact事实上 [C]in particular尤其是 [D]in consequence结果是


  19.B [A]unless除非 [B]since直到,因为[C]if如果 [D]whereas然而


  20. C [A]funny 有趣的[B]logical有逻辑的[C]simple简单的 [D]rare罕见的


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