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2015考研英语冲刺之翻译模拟练习题(1)

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2014-11-13 11:48:25

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  Gandhi’s pacifism can be separated to some extent from his other teachings. (1)(Its motive was religious, but he claimed also for it that it was a definitive technique, a method, capable of producing desired political results. Gandhi’s attitude was not that of most Western pacifists. Satyagraha,) (2(the method Gandhi proposed and practiced, first evolved in South Africa, was a sort of non-violent warfare, a way of defeating the enemy without hurting him and without feeling or arousing hatred.) It entailed such things as civil disobedience, strikes, lying down in front of railway trains, enduring police charges without running away and without hitting back, and the like. Gandhi objected to “passive resistance” as a translation of Satyagraha: in Gujarati, it seems, the word means “firmness in the truth”. (3(In his early days Gandhi served as a stretcher-bearer on the British side in the Boer War, and he was prepared to do the same again in the war of 1914-1918.) Even after he had completely abjured violence he was honest enough to see that in war it is usually necessary to take sides. Since his whole political life centred round a struggle for national independence, he could not and, (4)(indeed, he did not take the sterile and dishonest line of pretending that in every war both sides are exactly the same and it makes no difference who wins.) Nor did he, like most Western pacifists, specialize in avoiding awkward questions. In relation to the late war, one question that every pacifist had a clear obligation to answer was: “What about the Jews? Are you prepared to see them exterminated? If not, how do you propose to save them without resorting to war?” (5)(I must say that I have never heard, from any Western pacifist, an honest answer to this question, though I have heard plenty of evasions, usually of the “you’re another” type.) But it so happens that Gandhi was asked a somewhat similar question in 1938 and that his answer is on record in Mr. Louis Fischer’s Gandhi and Stalin. According to Mr. Fischer, Gandhi’s view was that the German Jews ought to commit collective suicide, which “would have aroused the world and the people of Germany to Hitler’s violence.”

  总体分析

  本文是一篇介绍甘地的和平主义的文章。文章先介绍了甘地的和平主义的性质、来源、具体形式等。接着指出了甘地作为和平主义者的独特之处:首先,他虽然反对暴力,但并不否认战争的立场;其次,他不躲避回答棘手的问题。

  本文考查的知识点:后置定语、插入语、it做形式主语的主语从句,等。

  试题精解

  1.[精解] 本题考核知识点:后置定语的翻译。

  该句是由but连接的两个并列分句:前一分句是简单句,后一分句是主从复合句。后一分句的主干是he claimed that...,其中that引导宾语从句。从句中形容词短语capable of...做后置定语,修饰名词a technique, a method。该定语可以按照汉语习惯译为前置定语,即,“一种可以产生预期的政治效果的明显的技巧和方法”;也可以采用拆译法,译为一个句子,增译代词“它”做主语。

  词汇:claim意为“宣称,声称,说”;definite意为“肯定的,确定的;清楚的,明显的”,它和technique搭配时取“明显的”含义;desired意为“渴望的,期望的”,当它和results/effect等词搭配时常常译为“预期的”。

  翻译:其动机是宗教性质的,但他也说这是一种明显的技巧,一种方法,它可以产生预期的政治效果。

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